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Nuclear Power is Not Safe and Clean

Nuclear Waste & Fallout Reference Database

 

Editor’s note: Endnote functions – such as going back and forth from text to endnote - are lost when converting MS Word files to PDF for web viewing. To enable endnote functions, such as for activists, researchers, environmentalists, journalists and attorneys ...get MS Word files of the book and the database, at: http://art-in-portland.mysite.com/index.html

 

Until about two billion years ago, it was impossible to have any life on Earth; that is, there was so much radiation on Earth you couldn’t have any life – fish or anything. Gradually, about two billion years ago, the amount of radiation on this planet – and probably in the entire system – reduced and made it possible for some form of life to begin …

Now when we go back to using nuclear power, we are creating something which nature tried to destroy to make life possible …

Every time you produce radiation, you produce something that has a certain half-life, in some cases for billions of years. I think the human race is going to wreck itself; it is important that we get control of this horrible force and try to eliminate it.

I do not believe nuclear power is worth it ...

-- Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, American naval officer and engineer.[1]

 

Mainstream news today in

total denial or sell-outs?

Up to and following the Trump inauguration, the ‘system’ continues to blame the lesions, tumors, bleeding eyes and rotting flesh, death and near extinction-levels of sea species[i], on what hiding behind a stupid grin they call, new and mysterious diseases caused by global warming.

 

Editor’s note: New and mysterious diseases [ii] 2  [iii] [iv] [v] [vi] [vii] [viii] [ix] [x] [xi] [xii] [xiii] [xiv] [xv] [xvi] [xvii] [xviii] [xix] [xx] [xxi] [xxii] [xxiii] [xxiv] [xxv] [xxvi] [xxvii] [xxviii] [xxix] [xxx] [xxxi] [xxxii] [xxxiii] [xxxiv] [xxxv] [xxxvi] [xxxvii] [xxxviii] [xxxix] [xl] [xli] [xlii] [xliii] [xliv] [xlv] [xlvi] [xlvii] [xlviii] [xlix] [l] [li] [lii] [liii] [liv] [lv] [lvi] [lvii] [lviii] [lix] [lx] [lxi] [lxii] [lxiii] [lxiv]  Global warming/cooling (climate change) [lxv] [lxvi] [lxvii] [lxviii] [lxix]  Snow [lxx] [lxxi] [lxxii] [lxxiii] [lxxiv] [lxxv] [lxxvi] [lxxvii] [lxxviii] [lxxix]  Smoke [lxxx] [lxxxi] [lxxxii] [lxxxiii] [lxxxiv] [lxxxv] [lxxxvi] [lxxxvii] [lxxxviii] [lxxxix] [xc] [xci] [xcii] [xciii] [xciv] [xcv] [xcvi] [xcvii]  Fog [xcviii]  Steam [xcix] [c] [ci] [cii] [ciii] [civ]

 

Russians at it again

I start reading abstracts of newly published scientific research studies by Chernobyl scientists, and immediately learned exposure to radionuclides causes bacteria and viruses to mutate, causing new and mysterious diseases. [2] [cv] [cvi]

It took you less than ten seconds to read the previous sentence …now, you know more than all the apologist bad science perps will ever admit.[cvii]

Here is an excerpt from Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment: Chapter 11. Chernobyl’s Radioactive Impact on Microbial Biota, by Alexey V. Yablokov; edited by Janet Sherman:

[Abstract] Of the few microorganisms that have been studied, all underwent rapid changes in the areas heavily contaminated by Chernobyl. Organisms such as tuberculosis bacilli; hepatitis, herpes, and tobacco mosaic viruses; cytomegalovirus; and soil micromycetes and bacteria were activated in various ways. The ultimate long-term consequences for the Chernobyl microbiologic biota may be worse than what we know today. Compared to humans and other mammals, the profound changes that take place among these small live organisms with rapid reproductive turnover do not bode well for the health and survival of other species.

[Article] One gram of soil contains some 2,500,000,000 microorganisms (bacteria, micro-fungi, and protozoa). Up to 3 kg of the mass of an adult human body is made up of bacteria, viruses, and micro-fungi. In spite of the fact that these represent such important and fundamentally live ecosystems there are only scarce data on the various microbiological consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe.

Several incidences of increased morbidity owing to certain infectious diseases may be due to increased virulence of microbial populations as a result of Chernobyl irradiation. … … …

All microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa) and microbiological communities as a whole undergo rapid changes after any additional irradiation. The mechanism of such changes is well known: inclusion and increase in the frequency of mutations by natural selection and preservation of beneficial novel genes that for whatever reason appear more viable under the new conditions. This micro-evolutionary mechanism has been activated in all radioactively contaminated areas and leads to activation of old and the occurrence of new forms of viruses and bacteria.

 

[1] [On the hazards of nuclear power. Testimony to Congress (28 January 1982); published in Economics of Defense Policy: Hearing before the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, 97th Cong., 2nd sess., Pt. 1 (1982)

 

[2] Published by the New York Academy of Sciences, Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment was written by scientists who used health data from 1986 to 2004; edited by Janet Sherman.

 http://www.strahlentelex.de/Yablokov_Chernobyl_book.pdf

 

[i]

07:26 AM Apr 25, 2016 | 98

-8809- Dead animals litter California beaches - graveyard of washed-up sea life - malnourished sea creatures - starving to death - Covered in sores - stunted growth - Weak immune systems (PHOTO & VIDEOS)

 

150,000 Antelopes bleeding

-8809.1- also see: Rapid & complete die-off of animals near nuclear site - 150,000 antelopes bleed from internal organs, pits brimming with corpses (PHOTOS)

 

-8806.3- also see: babies born w/no brain, and protruding spines by Hanford-[i] also see babies w/extra fingers born in Japan-[i] also see: Chernobyl Legacy by Paul Fusco-[i]

 

-8806.4- also see: Radiation effects on fetuses: Nuclear radiation deforms genes-[i] - twins attached by organs growing outside body, 1-eyed cyclops, babies with giant heads - respond to people (GRAPHIC PHOTOS -[i]-[i] & VIDEO)

 

5:06 PM Jan 7, 2014 -8805-  Dead, conjoined baby gray whales found on West Coast of N. America - 2 heads - 2 tails, joined in middle (PHOTOS[i] & VIDEO)

 

06:17 PM Mar 30, 2016 | 55  

-8797- Alien fish caught alive off Pacific coast… Bizarre creature resembles albino shark with large distended stomach - Doctor: 3 exceedingly rare albino dolphins captured off Japan in one year… Fukushima must be researched as possible cause (PHOTOS)

 

 

12:05 AM Mar 18, 2016 | 1,185  

Sick animals wash ashore in Alaska - fish bleed from face, bloody entrails come out

-8791- Alarm over sick animals washing ashore in Alaska - Fish bleeding from faces, bloody entrails coming out of bodies - We are very much aware of the possibility of radiation from Fukushima affecting ocean life (PHOTOS)

 

Vancouver B.C. & Seattle: 220,000,000 atoms of Fukushima Iodine-129/liter of rainwater - evacuation level is 40 atoms/liter

08:58 AM Feb 17, 2016 | 577

-8775- Vancouver B.C. & Seattle: 220,000,000 atoms of Fukushima Iodine-129/liter of rainwater w/15 million year half-life in aquifer; supplies deadly drinking water-[i] to 120,000 people in BC/WA

 

06:52 PM Jan 19, 2016 | 436

-8763- Idaho: Mutated mountain lion found near U.S. nuclear site - (PHOTOS & VIDEOS)

 

04:55 AM Nov 20, 2015 | 438

Giant whales piled up dead on West Coast

-8744- Giant whales piled up dead, test for Fukushima radiation - (PHOTOS)

 

02:35 AM Nov 2, 2015 | 342

-8736- Seaborne West Coast: Fukushima nuclear waste off shoreline of California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska - Highest radiation off San Francisco (MAP-[i])

 

Missouri

11:19 PM Oct 28, 2015 | 432

North St. Louis County, Missouri

Bridgeton fire at West Lake nuclear landfill

-8734- Child cancer clusters, double sets of teeth, missing eyeballs, brain tumors

-8734.1- also see: Missouri, St. Louis, Bridgeton and West Lake landfills: Fire erupts by nuclear waste landfill near city (PHOTO & VIDEOS)

-8734.2- also see: Missouri, St. Louis, Bridgeton and West Lake landfills: Fire rages towards 48,000 tons of Belgium Congo uranium 235, 238, most potent in the world

-8734.3- also see: Missouri, St. Louis, Bridgeton and West Lake landfills: Senator Maria Chappelle-Nadal - we’re looking at the cancer clusters in North County, number of children with double sets of teeth, missing eyeballs, brain tumors - this is not consistent with a normal community, at all - VIDEO -at 27:00 in

-8734.4- also see: http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/breaking-it-down-renewed-concerns-over-radiation-bridgeton-landfills (video-at 27:00 in)

-8734.5- also see: St. Louis, Missouri - Bridgeton & West Lake landfills: underground fire at Bridgeton Landfill moves toward radioactive waste in the adjacent West Lake Landfill

 

Missouri Senator Maria Chappelle-Nadal, Sep 17, 2015 (at 27:00 in): There are references that are in the reports that the Attorney General did with independent scientists where they say that what we have under the ground could end up as Chernobyl. What I am concerned about are the 40,000 tons of uranium that have been spread all over the place… We’re talking about the most potent uranium in the world… We’re looking at the cancer clusters… We’re looking at the number of children who have double sets of teeth, children who have missing eyeballs, the number of children who have brain tumors. This is not consistent with a normal community whatsoever.

[i] Excerpt: Jenell Rodden Wright gets a chill when she recalls the 20-year reunion she attended for the McCluer North High School class of 1988, less than five years ago.

It’s amazing to think about it now, she says. Everything was normal. Everyone seemed healthy and happy. We were all fine.

That’s not ordinarily what stands out to people about their high-school reunions. But it turns out that there was nothing ordinary about the McCluer North class of ’88. In just a few short years after that normal reunion, not so much would be fine.

Not after Kathy Bindbeutel Broyles developed a brain tumor and died a few months later, at age 40, leaving behind four children. Not after Kathy Jones, mother of five adopted special-needs kids, died of uterine cancer at age 40. Not after friends Kerry and Steve contracted appendix cancer, and Scott got a brain tumor, and Diane was diagnosed with nonsmoking lung cancer-all in the course of a couple of years.

These friends from the neighborhood where Wright grew up and went to high school were not random cases of bad luck. And they were by no means isolated cases in North County. They are but a microcosm, part of an untold number of people afflicted by their own government in an area that realistically must today be termed a cancer cluster.

These were the children of Coldwater Creek, a picturesque tributary through about 15 miles of the county, spanning communities such as Florissant, Hazelwood, Black Jack, Spanish Lake, St. Ann, Berkeley, and Ferguson. It runs past schools, golf courses, and soccer fields.

The creek was once a thing of beauty, to be sure. But there was one problem that the residents knew nothing about: Some of the deadliest toxins known to man had been dumped into Coldwater Creek.

Over seven decades, home sweet home has doubled as a hell zone of water, soil, and air contaminated with treacherous substances like uranium-238 (with a half-life of 4.5 billion years) and thorium-232 (with a half-life of 14 billion years). The residents have paid a ghastly price, and the contamination may continue to plague future generations.

It all started with the famous Manhattan Project, as St. Louis’ Mallinckrodt Chemical Works secretly signed on to enrich uranium for the world’s first controlled nuclear chain reaction in 1942. For 15 years, the company would continue its uranium-refining activities at its downtown site, and when it ran out of room to store its tons and tons of hazardous waste-known in the day as poisons-it was off to a couple of sites near the airport.

Reportedly, not even the people assigned to transportation duties had any idea of what they had on their hands. It was inevitable, between the hauling and the storage, that Coldwater Creek and neighboring properties would become contaminated beyond anyone’s comprehension. Nothing could have been more irresponsible.

We have the oldest radioactive waste of the atomic age, says Kay Drey, the grande dame of local environmentalism. And there is no place on the planet to put this where it won’t impact our air, our water, and our lives. There is no solution.

For most of the past seven decades, authorities didn’t appear to make a serious effort to get rid of the waste, and as Drey points out, even moving it off to Utah or some other less-populated area is no panacea. In recent years, the government has made a fair amount of cleanup progress, but as recently as late April, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers indicated that there is more testing-and more removal-to be done.

Obviously, removing all of the toxins from a highly populated area ought to show up prominently on the government’s radar screen, though that doesn’t seem to have been the case for much of this sordid history. But even if that were to happen-even if every last ounce of radioactive waste were to be gone-that wouldn’t end the problem.

You see, there’s a real-life crisis going on right now: After a long latency period following their exposure to ionizing radiation, a stunning number of people have reached the presentation stage of their diseases.

That means we’re seeing symptoms in the generation of children who enjoyed the outdoors by playing in or near the water and otherwise exploring the lethal banks of Coldwater Creek. They skipped rocks, played with crawdads, and mixed yellow dirt with water to pan for gold.

When the creek would flood-which happened quite a bit-the water would seep into their families’ gardens and basements. And there was always the prospect of wind blowing thorium dust off the piles of radioactive waste and into the air breathed by the kids and their families.

And now, for a new generation, the symptoms are arriving. Most of the cancers appear to have popped out in just the last few years, says Wright. We are not even in full bloom.

A Facebook group called Coldwater Creek-Just the facts Please was created by a McCluer North grad in 2011, about the time many young North County residents were becoming gravely ill or dying. It has grown to more than 7,200 members, whose heart-wrenching stories seem endless.

Wright, an Ernst & Young certified public accountant and corporate executive before retiring to raise her children, joined the Facebook group shortly after it was established, as did another McCluer North grad, Diane Schanzenbach, an economics professor at Northwestern University. They are serious numbers crunchers who were struck by the statistical improbability of what they were seeing.

Members of the page have reported more than 2,500 cases of cancer, autoimmune diseases, and birth defects. The numbers spiked earlier in the year, after KSDK-TV’s Leisa Zigman aired some compelling coverage of the situation. At press time, those numbers hadn’t been fully updated.

But even the partial numbers are stunning. The data contains more than 100 reports of brain tumors and cancers, more than 50 cases of thyroid cancer, and more than 30 cases of appendix cancer-a stunning number, considering it’s a rare disease affecting fewer than 1,500 people annually.

There are dozens of cases of leukemia, multiple sclerosis, and lymphoma. There’s amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, pancreatic cancer, and more.

Wright says there are a stunning number of reports of infertility, in addition to the birth-defect cases. There have been three separate cases of conjoined twins (a statistical anomaly if ever there was one). There were three babies born with only one ear, another without either eyeball.

 

05:31 AM Oct 23, 2015 | 121

-8730- Mexico, Gulf of California: Hundreds of dolphins, sea lions, turtles and rare sea animals floating on water and dead on beaches (PHOTOS)

 

Sea life mutations

-8715- Mutations in sea life along U.S. West Coast - deformed spines, brains, hearts, eyes reported by officials - malformations: extra brain lobes, hunchbacks, parts of face missing, unusual limbs (PHOTOS)

 

06:35 PM Sep 17, 2015 | 561

-8713- Yahoo News: Giant mutant fish caught off Japan causes concern about effects of Fukushima - NY Daily News: Monster catch raises questions about ecological impact of nuclear disaster (PHOTOS-[i])

 

06:30 PM Sep 8, 2015 | 327

150,000 Antelopes bleeding

-8708- Rapid and complete die-off of animals near nuclear site - 150,000 antelopes bleeding from internal organs, pits brimming with corpses (PHOTOS)

 

07:42 PM Sep 4, 2015 | 1,086

Seals, whales, sea lions, otters, birds

-8706- West Coast animals. Alaska-to-California – whale disoriented; sea lions, seals, otters, birds disoriented, seizures; 30 whales tangle in nets; moose disoriented, swims in circles (PHOTOS -[i] & VIDEO)

 

06:45 PM Sep 2, 2015 | 631

EXTINCTION-LEVEL EVENT NOTE PHOTOS OF ALL SEA LIFE DEAD ON BEACH - ALSO NOTE PLUTONIUM-RADIONUCLIDE HOT SPOTS IN PACIFIC OCEAN WILL CONTINUE KILLING FOR HUNDREDS TO THOUSANDS OF YEARS

-8705- West Coast: Whale strandings, cancer in seals, collapse of fish stocks (PHOTOS) and (VIDEO - whale final gasps on beach)

VOA transcript, Sep 1, 2015 (emphasis added): Sharp Rise in Whale Deaths Being Investigated - Since May, 30 dead whales have washed ashore on the Gulf of Alaska. (Deborah Fauquier, NOAA): ‘And the average for the whole year generally is 8, so it’s definitely significantly elevated and for us that was a reason for concern.’ The Extreme Mortality Event, as scientists are calling it, has triggered an investigation.

Huffington Post, Sep 1, 2015: Radiation in the Ocean - The West Coast of the United States seems under siege by negative environmental news… and numerous accounts of unusual coastal events: algae blooms, whale strandings, cancer in seals, collapse of fish stocks, and more… One argument has been the effect of radiation leaking from the [Fukushima] nuclear power plant reactors… and has been thereafter distributed by ocean currents; indeed there is evidence of a plume of increased concentration of Cesium-134, and other radioactive elements that have been observed at unprecedented levels, spreading out some 5,000 miles into the Pacific… In April of this year, there were headlines declaring that Fukushima radiation has reached the North American Shore and concerns were raised, spread through the Internet and press, that this was surely the cause of these otherwise inexplicable anomalous natural events. There is no Federal agency that funds monitoring of radiation in coastal water… So, yes, and no. No definitive conclusion, no clear argument that radiation is the cause of those coastal events which distress us so… The question is immensely important…

A Plus, Aug 27, 2015: The Story Behind This Picture Is So Mysterious, Scientists Are Scratching Their Heads; What is going on here?!… the number has skyrocketed. Thirty whales spanning at least four species have been found… NOAA Fisheries scientists and partners are very concerned about the large number of whales stranding in the western Gulf of Alaska in recent months, Dr. Teri Rowles of the NOAA said… these enormous, gorgeous animals are dying in such high numbers.

VOA, Sep 1, 2015: While President Barack Obama is in Alaska, he might have this question: Why have 30 dead whales washed ashore… [NOAA's] Fauquier said the extreme mortality event was complicated… Fauquier noted that in the ocean, toxins move up the food chain. Some of the whales actually filter the phytoplankton and the zooplankton… they get the toxins through that method…. as you go higher up the food web, more toxin gets concentrated.… NOAA hopes to explain why the whales died and why they perished in such great numbers.

Cordova Times, Aug 28, 2015: Whales..Thirty dead whales ….And no one knows why… when thirty of them die in four months, three times the usual rate, something is not right…. between 700 deaths over the years, scientists have managed to perform two full necropsies. For this particular event, they’ve done one limited necropsy… While they keep an eye on algae, they have been testing all possibilities. Possibilities like fallout from Fukushima, and while they did radiation testing as part of the limited autopsy, it came back with background levels that would occur normally in Alaska, said Julie Speegle, speaking on behalf of NOAA.

Newsweek, Aug 27, 2015: Over the last few months, dead whales have been appearing regularly on beaches along the Northern California coast. In the same period, 30 whale carcasses have washed up along the coast of Alaska, puzzling scientists.

Washington Post, Aug 30, 2015: Concerns mount as whales are found dead in Gulf of Alaska - Researchers are scrambling to determine what’s behind the death of 30 whales… Other dead whales have been reported off the coast of British Columbia…. starvation or disease could be behind the deaths… The more likely culprit is unusual water conditions.

NPR, Sep 1, 2015: Researchers say record low oxygen levels in Hood Canal are causing marine life to die off. Marine life is struggling to survive… We have been seeing lots and lots of dead fish on beaches, said Seth Book, with the Skokomish Tribe’s Department of Natural Resources… This is really the worst year in terms of the oxygen, said Jan Newton, an oceanography professor at the University of Washington…

 

03:53 PM Aug 26, 2015 | 517

Baby Elephant seals & sea lions die of leukemia-linked disorder

-8702- California Coast: Many baby seals dying of leukemia-linked disorder- 1/3 of recent deaths at San Francisco Bay rescue center (CHART)

 

-8702.1- also see: Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine (Springer), Jun 29, 2013: Leukemia is one of the most common cancers induced by radiation in humans, accounting for one in five mortalities from radio-carcinogenesis. Risk of leukemia varies with age, younger persons more prone to radio-carcinogenesis - Leukemia appears as early as 2-3 years after exposure, average latent period of 5 to 10 years.

 

-8702.2 - also see: California sea lions dying from organs falling out of place, tumors, accumulation of puss inside bodies (PHOTO)

08:20 PM Sep 6, 2014 | 352

Sea lions dying from organs falling out of place, tumors

-8408- California sea lions dying from organs falling out of place, tumors, accumulation of puss inside bodies (PHOTOS) Marine mammal deaths reported by The Marine Mammal Center (Sausalito, Calif) since June 2014 (domoic acid-related deaths excluded):

(12) Abscess: Collection of pus in tissue of t body

(1) Carcinoma: Cancer that begins when altered or damaged DNA occurs so that cells become transformed, and begin to exhibit abnormal malignant properties.

(1) Cardiomyopathy: Heart muscle disease – deterioration of the heart muscle, usually leads to heart failure

(1) Coccidioidomycosis: Fungal disease - serious complications may occur in patients with weakened immune systems

(2) Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: Blood clots [that can] lead to multiple organ damage - clotting is disrupted - severe bleeding can occur

(7) Neoplasia: Commonly referred to as a tumor - malignant neoplasm is a cancer

(6) Otostrongylus: Lungworms in lungs or heart of seals

(3) Peritonitis: Inflammation of tissue lining inner wall of abdomen - may result from infection (often due to rupture of a hollow organ)

(4) Pneumonia: Inflammatory condition of the lung

(6) Prolapse: Latin for to fall out - organs, such as the uterus, fall down or slip out of place - organs protruding through vagina or rectum

(3) Pyothorax: Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

(2) Renal Failure: Kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products from the blood

(5) Septicemia: Potentially fatal whole-body inflammation caused by severe infection

-8408.1- also see: CBS San Francisco: Record number of sick seals & sea lions - large pockets of green and yellow puss all over their body (PHOTO & VIDEOS) Apr 20, 2014

-8408.2- also see: Federal gov’t declares Unusual Mortality Event in So. California - 70% of all newborn sea lions may be dying - Testing for toxins, infectious agents (VIDEO) Mar 28, 2013

-8408.3- also see: Alarm as record numbers of seals and sea lions ‘starving to death’ along California coast - calls coming nonstop - washing ashore  May 4, 2014

-8408.4- also see: NBC: Record level of sick or injured California seals and sea lions turning up - numbers are extraordinary - pups should be weighing 2x or 3x as much, severely malnourished (VIDEO) Apr 18, 2014

-8408.5- also see: TV: Huge increase in dead and sick sea mammals on California coast - Unprecedented numbers, annual record broken in 7 months - starving, drooling, brain damaged, suffering seizures - Sea lions ‘mysteriously’ vanishing on other side of Pacific - Experts: We don’t know what’s happening (VIDEO) Aug 3, 2014

 

06:07 PM Aug 25, 2015 | 544

-8701.C Southern California coast: Fukushima nuclear waste detected - highest levels in North America since testing program began - 8.4 Bq/m3 of radioactive cesium measured near beach between Los Angeles and San Diego (VIDEO & MAP)

 

02:16 PM Aug 24, 2015 | 295

-8701.B- Record-breaking typhoon to make direct hit on Japans only restarted nuclear plant - 159 mph gust last night, strongest ever measured at location - Waves near 40 ft. high expected around island - Gov’t alerts for landslides and floods - Cracks and leaks already found at nuclear plant (VIDEO & MAP)

 

07:52 AM Aug 24, 2015 | 266

-8702- Horrific environmental mystery… Everyone’s freaked out: 1,500% normal death rate in whales off West Coast - Gov’t declares unprecedented Unusual Mortality Event - Scientists alarmed, no idea what’s happening - Expert: it’s all going to cascade up to us - Other die-offs being reported (VIDEOS)

 

10:23 AM Aug 20, 2015 | 888

-8701- Unbelievable!: Scientists stunned as 3 rare giant oarfish found dead off Los Angeles in recent weeks - Flesh falling apart while still alive, body parts missing - Biologist: Of course I’m very concerned… for some reason they’re dying… it’s very strange - Being tested for toxins (VIDEO)

 

11:05 AM Aug 18, 2015 | 520

Fish

-8700- Official: Thousands of Millions of fish wash up dead in Alaska - Piles of them… I have never seen anything like it… First time we’ve ever heard of this (VIDEO)

 

 

03:54 PM Aug 13, 2015 | 332

-8697- Giant whales found dead up & down Pacific NW coast, scientists baffled over surge - 25+ carcasses reported in past month - spike; rare to see a dead humpback - unidentified pathogen (PHOTOS)

10:30 PM Aug 8, 2015 | 270

-8693- Die-off of birds all over Alaska beaches, floating in Pacific - They seem to be starving - Record-breaking spike in rescues, such a dramatic increase - Deformed and abnormal animals reported (PHOTOS & AUDIO)

 

05:43 PM Aug 1, 2015 | 321

Salmon covered in fungus, red lesions all over, big gaping sores - millions dead

-8689- USA Today: Millions of fish dead in Pacific Northwest - Ocean conditions have gone to hell - Salmon covered in fungus, red lesions all over, big gaping sores - Extinction concerns (VIDEO & PHOTOS)

 

10:23 AM Jul 28, 2015 | 595

Mass die-offs of mammals, birds, fish

-8686- AP: Unprecedented deaths along U.S. Pacific coast - Scientists: Mass die-offs of mammals, birds, fish (PHOTOS-[i] & AUDIO)

 

09:40 PM Jul 20, 2015 | 206

-8681- TV: Mystery green goo decimating fishing on West Coast - Like ectoplasm in Ghostbusters - Experts: About as severe as we could ever anticipate… Lot of unusual things going on - we’re not catching any fish… Never as bad as right now… Almost non-existent… Worst season ever (PHOTO-[i])

 

 

10:36 PM Jun 11, 2015 | 203

Zero baby birds survive on islands - usually over 15,000

-8655- Senior Scientist: Birds in such bad condition off West Coast - Zero babies survive on islands, usually over 15,000 - Extremely poor breeding success… they didn’t even try - Before and after photos show beaches deserted (PHOTOS-[i] & VIDEO)

11:45 AM May 21, 2015 | 395

-8637- Pacific Northwest: Deadly black fungus being found on fish - Gov’t: There was some concern Fukushima radiation could be involved - Biologists investigating how this land-based mold is now appearing in ocean -reports of unusual rotting sores, growths, bumps, cancer (PHOTOS)

 

07:41 PM May 17, 2015 | 420

Baby sea lions – entire generation dies

-8634- Guardian: Entire generation of baby sea lions dying - Carts filled with emaciated dead bodies (PHOTOS)

 

03:13 PM May 14, 2015 | 346

-8633- Seaward off Seattle: Communities of jellyfish 10 blocks long; herring disappeared; spike in salmon deaths (PHOTO)

01:26 PM May 6, 2015 | 417

Seals & walrus suffer

-8627- U.S. university testing animals in Pacific for Fukushima radiation - bodies riddled with tumors, eyes bleeding, covered in lesions - Some are missing testicles, eyeballs - Skin disintegrates, peels off, turns yellow - Mammals affected by diseases never seen in species (Photos)

 

-8627.1- also see Baby gray whales & 55 dolphins found dead in Baja California; Corpses of sea lions, birds, sea turtles rot http://enenews.com/13-baby-gray-whales-55-dolpins-found-dead-west-coast-corpses-sea-lions-birds-sea-turtles-decomposing-rash-dead-humpback-whales-oregon-fear-whales-encountering-radiation-hot-spots-whale-watchi

 

http://enenews.com/13-baby-gray-whales-55-dolpins-found-dead-west-coast-corpses-sea-lions-birds-sea-turtles-decomposing-rash-dead-humpback-whales-oregon-fear-whales-encountering-radiation-hot-spots-whale-watchi

New Mexico St. Univ., Mar 15, 2015 (emphasis added): What’s Killing Baja’s Marine Animals? Dead gray whales and dolphins. Corpses of sea lions, birds and sea turtles decomposing on the beach. Since the beginning of the year, the coasts of Baja California have been the scene of multiple discoveries of dead marine animals. The latest find was reported last week… 55 dead dolphins and 4 sea lions… [The gov't will] probe the reasons for the mysterious deaths. In mid-January… 550 dead sea birds and 4 dead sea lions near San Felipe. Another zone of mystery surrounds the Laguna Ojo de Liebre… where 150 dead sea turtles were discovered at the end of January. About two weeks earlier, 14 lifeless gray whales (13 babies and 1 adult) and 16 dead sea turtles were found in the same area… Mexican authorities hypothesized that sea turtles… could be succumbing to hypothermia [and] baby gray whales were dying from lack of nourishment… [They] migrate to Baja California from northern Pacific waters…

AP, Feb. 1, 2015: Cold temperatures are suspected of killing some 150 sea turtles found in a lagoon of Mexico’s Baja California [the] environmental protection agency said [warm waters are blamed for record-setting deaths of California sea lions and West Coast sea birds ]… it would be difficult to determine the exact cause of death… investigators also would try to determine whether some sort of contamination might have played a role. In mid-January, federal inspectors found the bodies of 14 gray whales.

Fox News, Jan 15, 2015: Four sea lions and 550 birds found dead [in] Baja California probably died as a consequence of climate change, Mexico’s Profepa environmental protection agency said… Changes in the ocean water temperature are forcing schools of fish to swim deeper

NBC San Diego, Mar 20, 2015: A dead gray whale was found floating in the waters near Torrey Pines State Beach Thursday morning, San Diego Lifeguard officials confirmed. The young whale [was] approximately 15 to 20 feet in length - Reporter: Because it does not look like it had anything to do with humans, they believe that maybe the whale just got sick and died.

California Gray Whale Coalition, Nov. 2014: The coast’s winter whale watching season brings real fear for visiting humpbacks and grey whales encountering radiation hot spots along West Coast waters as they migrate to and from Alaska and Mexico. The central Oregon coast’s whale watching training features more than 100 volunteers at 25 whale-watching sites… this year’s whale-watching volunteers have been trained in the dangers of radiation… there has been a rash of dead humpback whales washing-up along central Oregon…

KION, Jul 3, 2014: A 35-foot-long humpback whale has washed up dead on a Central California beach… cause of death has not been determined. - Reporter: Researchers say the amount of whales found in distress this year is significantly more than in previous years… They usually only get 5 reports of entangled whales in an entire year. This year there have already been 8.

ABC San Francisco, May 22, 2014: Dead Baby Humpback Whale Washes Ashore… They’re actually endangered, said Sue Pemberton with the California Academy of Sciences. So it’s really important, every single one that dies, it’s important to know why.… unlocking the mystery of why she died so young, only half the size of a full-grown humpback.

Watch broadcasts: NBC San Diego | KION | ABC San Francisco

 

09:38 AM Sep 5, 2014 | 272

Killer whales

-8406- Killer whales die along Pacific coast - sick, emaciated - population at lowest level in decades - steep decline began after 2011 -  no babies born past 2 years - alarming changes in behavior observed; social structure splintering-[i] - [i] (PHOTO -[i]) add’l matr’l [i]

 

11:02 AM Sep 4, 2014 | 222

-8405- Fukushima nuclear material in West Coast groundwater; discharging into Pacific Ocean - fallout found in meat and fish from same area - routinely in plant life long after March 2011-[i]-[i]

 

04:14 PM Mar 18, 2014 | 189

-8104- Researchers predict west coast killer whales will exceed 1,000 Bq/kg of radioactive cesium - over 10x Gov’t limit in Japan - concern about harm to humans, sea life - people eating large amounts of fish may have levels similar to whales

Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Mar. 12, 2014: Ocean currents are driving those nuclear particles from Japan to our coastline, and more radiation is likely to be dumped into the ocean  there is concern that the accumulation, especially of the long-lasting cesium-137, will eventually be harmful to sea life and us.  certain models suggest that in 30 years, Cesium 137 levels in (killer) whales will exceed the Canadian guideline of 1,000 becquerels per kilogram for consumption of seafood by humans - 10 times the Japanese guideline. Scientists focus on whales because, like us, they are at the top of the food chain and eat a lot of fish. So, radiation levels in them is something like a canary in a coal mine for radiation pollution.

Canada.com, Mar. 12, 2014: Researchers developed a model based on the diet of fish-eating killer whales  The models suggest that in 30 years, Cesium 137 levels in the whales will exceed the Canadian guideline of 1,000 becquerels per kilogram for consumption of seafood by humans - 10 times the Japanese guideline.  Juan Jose Alava of Simon Fraser University said, The Canadian government is the one that should be doing something, should be taking action to keep monitoring to see how these contaminants are behaving, what are the levels, and what is next.  While the additional impact of Cesium 137 is unknown, it may negatively affect the immune system or endocrine system, Alava said. The impact on the animal needs to be studied. This is part of a cumulative impact on the marine environment. The results raise concerns for aboriginal people who maintain a diet heavy in fish. We might expect similar results because the diet of First Nation communities is based on seafood, Alava said. Humans at the top of the food web can perhaps see increasing levels in the future.

 

03:59 PM Apr 13, 2015 | 242

-8608- Top U.S. Nuclear Physicist: Iodine-131 lethal after ingestion of 30 billionths of a gram

Alvin M. Weinberg, nuclear physicist (Director of Oak Ridge National Lab and pioneered the pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors used in nuclear power plants, worked on the Manhattan Project, appointed to President’s Science Advisory Committee during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations), 1973:

  • The hazards of nuclear power plants and the related nuclear industries are reviewed
  • [A]re there concerns regarding the possibility that these systems may malfunction and cause hazard to people and to the environment? This is a perfectly legitimate question that deserves serious and thoughtful consideration; and it is this aspect of the matter that I shall address… The potential hazard of a nuclear system arises from the toxicity both of the materials that keep the system burning and from the fission product ashes. Plutonium-239… is lethal to man in doses of about 16 thousandths of a gram if ingested in the lungs; Strontium-90, with a half-life of 30 years, will be lethal if about 70 millionths of a gram is ingested; Iodine-131, with a half-life of eight days, will be lethal after ingestion of only about 30 billionths of a gram.
  • As I have said, even during the Manhattan Project, we realized that a nuclear reactor could undergo what is known as an excursion [see Chernobyl] - that is, if too many control rods were removed, the reactor power could surge to dangerous levels. This, however, is not the main worry, for such excursions are inherently self-limiting both in time and magnitude.

 

Rather, the worry is that in a very high-powered reactor, immediately after the chain reaction has stopped, the fission products at least momentarily continue to generate 7% as much energy… Thus a high-powered chain reactor must continue to be cooled for a considerable time after shutdown if fuel meltdowns are to be avoided. It was Edward Teller who some 25 years ago insisted with great prescience that in these respects nuclear reactors were potentially dangerous, and therefore they should be subjected to the most searching kind of technical scrutiny… The response of the engineer… was to build a… containment vessel around every reactor; the second [was] various back-up safety systems… to prevent the reactor core from melting. Why bother with the back-up cooling systems if the containment vessel in final analysis will catch whatever radioactive debris might be created in an accident and thus prevent harm befalling the public? And indeed this was the attitude in the earliest days… As long as reactors were relatively small we could prove by calculation that even if the coolant system and its back-up failed, the molten fuel could not generate enough heat to melt itself through the containment However, when reactors exceeded a certain size, then it was no longer possible to prove by calculation that an uncooled reactor fuel charge would not melt through its containment vessel. This hypothetical melt-through is referred to as the China Syndrome for obvious reasons. Since we could not prove that a molten fuel puddle wouldn’t reach the basement of a power reactor, we also couldn’t prove whether it would continue to bore itself deeper into the ground. Whether or not the China Syndrome is a real possibility is moot. The point is, however, that it is not possible to disprove its existence. Thus, for these very large reactors, it is no longer possible to claim that the containment shell, which for smaller reactors could be relied upon to prevent radioactivity from reaching the public, was sufficient by itself. In consequence, the secondary back-up cooling systems… must now be viewed as the ultimate emergency protection against the China Syndrome… if one is trying to be practically 100 percent sure of always being able to cope with a reactor meltdown, then one must… be absolutely certain that the engineered safety features, particularly the emergency core cooling system, will work as planned.

 

09:18 AM Apr 7, 2015 | 659

Sea star epidemic

-8605- National Geographic: Newly discovered mass mortality in sea creatures along California coast - Body parts falling off, animals wasting away - Researchers fear sea star epidemic has spread (PHOTOS)

 

10:26 AM Apr 6, 2015 | 425

-8604- Scientists detect Fukushima radiation on North American shores - coastal communities concerned - 7 Bq/m3 of cesium from dock in Pacific Northwest - indicates arrival of other radioactive substances - radiological health risk (VIDEO)

 

09:25 AM Apr 3, 2015 | 754

Sea lions, turtles 13 baby gray whales, 55 dolphins, found dead

-8603- 13 baby gray whales and 55 dolphins found dead on West Coast - Rash of dead humpback whales in Oregon - corpses of sea lions, birds, sea turtles decomposing - Fear for whales encountering radiation hot spotz - olunteers trained about dangers of radiation (VIDEO)

 

08:38 PM Mar 17, 2015 | 154

Alaska polar bears suffering lesions, seals sores

-8591- Mysterious affliction in Alaska polar bears suffering baldness and lesions; Rate spiked nearly 1,000% after Fukushima began - Gov’t: Ongoing reports of unusual number of hairless seals with sores - Seals continue to be reported with hair loss… it makes U.S. nervous (PHOTO)

 

10:40 AM Mar 16, 2015 | 302

-8590- 10,000 baby sea lions dead on one California island - (VIDEOS)

 

11:38 AM Feb 21, 2015 | 140

Lesions prevent birds from eating, breathing

-8572- California coast: Epidemic; mass die-off; lesions prevent birds from eating, breathing (PHOTOS)

 

 

04:26 PM Jan 22, 2015 | 204

Sea urchins

-8546- Gov’t: Sea urchins with insides empty, bare skeletons, and black lesions in Hawaii - Birds dying of unusual cancers, rarely seen in wildlife (PHOTOS)

 

California coast: 15,000 baby sea lions die

 

12:59 PM Nov 18, 2014 | 359

Animals on sea floor looking sick or dead - everything’s dying

-8502- West Coast Scientists: Many animals on sea floor looking sick or dead - Everything’s dying… Dead, dead, dead, and dead - Experts investigate what’s killing sea urchins and cucumbers in Pacific Northwest - Seeing things never previously observed (PHOTOS)

 

03:01 AM Jan 6, 2015 | 556

-8533- Fukushima: Record level of flesh-eating bacteria cases – 4x normal rate - spike began around 2011 (PHOTOS & VIDEO)

 

 

02:42 PM Feb 16, 2015 | 233  index: Navy

-8567- Navy sailors suffer strange deformities after Fukushima exposure - Testicles swell to size of tennis balls after pants got so contaminated they set off radiation alarms - Her arm swelled up, hand looked like baseball mitt - His fingers turned yellow, even brown… feet now dark red (VIDEO)

 

09:28 AM Feb 12, 2015 | 438

-8564- Doctor removed six thyroids in recent months from USS Reagan crew exposed to Fukushima fallout - Over 500 sailors ill after mission in Japan - Officer: There’s sick soldiers everywhere, many in hospitals in San Diego or Hawaii… I don’t know what’s going on - Veteran in wheelchair thrown out by physician, you’re faking, you need to leave (VIDEO)

 

03:44 PM Aug 31, 2015 | 585

-8704- Radiation fears growing as government finds strangely deformed trees around Fukushima - Nearly 100% have morphological defects - Trees did not have a top bud, without which its growth cannot continue - Effects worsening over time - Researchers prevented from doing studies… so little data (PHOTOS & VIDEO)

 

-8433- Japan nuclear waste poisons wildlife - 99% offspring eating low-level contamination[i] food dies - severe & rare deformities from small rad doses (PHOTOS)

 

Little animals suffer too

-8433.1- also see-[i]: New study reveals deaths and mutations increased sharply’ from exposure to Fukushima contamination, especially at low doses - ‘Small’ levels of cesium may be ‘significantly toxic’ - Smithsonian: In other words, things don’t look good for the animals living around Fukushima (PHOTOS -[i] [i])

01:01 AM Sep 23, 2014 | 355

-8432- Gov’t Expert: Fallout in California thousands of times higher than we expected for several days after Fukushima explosions - Orders of magnitude above estimates at start of crisis, even though estimations based on Chernobyl - Article: Releases at these levels would mean many hundreds of kilograms of many other fission products (MAP)

 

Flowers

 

02:21 PM Jul 15, 2015 | 173

-8677- Yahoo News: Mutated plants near Fukushima gain internet fame - Pics show centers fused together, petals growing out of sides, ring-shaped flower with 4 stems - U.S. Gov’t Expert: Plant abnormalities can be induced after only 24 hours of exposure to radioactive fallout (PHOTOS

 

10:09 AM Apr 22, 2016 | 386

-8808- Nuclear Expert: We’ve detected a lot of cases gargantuanism in Fukushima - Reporter: Gigantic beet… it’s almost as big as the upper part of man trying to hold it - They’re seeing more and more of this… people are reporting more and more of these abnormalities (PHOTOS & VIDEO)

 

08:16 AM Sep 29, 2014 | 517  index: bad rad food

-8439- Lettuce from U.S. West Coast nearly topped Chernobyl contamination limit-[i]; dangerous alpha radiation detected - Fukushima significant health risks to areas thousands of kilometers away (VIDEO)

 

[ii] 10:15 PM Mar 1, 2017 | 390

-8852- Mysterious cancer killing sea lions along West Coast - Bones turn to mush – Inside, masses of yellow, cancerous tissue - Animals die at alarming rates (VIDEO)

 

[iii] 05:01 PM Feb 25, 2017 | 81

-8849- Officials warn mysterious radioactive cloud spreads - Authorities ‘baffled’ over release - could be leak from nuclear plant

 

[iv] 02:13 PM Feb 20, 2017 | 7   

-8846- ‘Mystery’: Radiation spikes detected in many countries – U.S. military secretly deploys ‘nuclear sniffer’ aircraft - Radioactivity levels quadruple - Iodine-131 proves recent release - origin unknown”

 

[v] 05:10 PM Feb 5, 2017

-8841- Record whale deaths in Hawaii - throughout islands in Pacific - Sick and starving mystery to experts - “Possible health effects” from Fukushima radiation off coast (VIDEO)

 

[vi] 02:24 PM Jan 29, 2017

-8834- Gov’t declares “disaster” over diseased and dying fish on US West Coast — “Sudden, unexpected large decreases” in population — Scientists “mystified… stumped” — Officials: “Environmental disaster… Devastating… Alarming… Dire” (VIDEO)

 

[vii] -8736- Seaborne West Coast: Fukushima nuclear waste off shoreline of California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska - Highest radiation off San Francisco (MAP-[vii])

-8736.1- also see: Fukushima nuclear waste detected along Southern California coast - Highest levels seen anywhere in North America since testing program began - 8.4 Bq/m3 of radioactive cesium measured near beach between Los Angeles and San Diego (VIDEO & MAP) Aug, 2015

-8736.2- also see: Scientists detect Fukushima radiation on North American shores - Coastal communities ‘concerned’ - Over 7 Bq/m3 of cesium from dock in Pacific Northwest - Professor: It indicates arrival of other radioactive substances - Represents potential radiological health risk (VIDEO) Apr, 2015

-8736.3- also see: Unprecedented’: China bans all imports of shellfish from U.S. West Coast - Official: They’ve never done anything like that that I’ve ever seen - Includes Washington, Oregon, Alaska and N. California - Gov’t says it will continue indefinitely (AUDIO) Dec 13, 2013

-8736.4- also see: TV: Billions of mysterious creatures dead along West Coast - Literally covering all of Oregon coast - Washing up from California to Alaska - Expert: Death totals are staggering, it’s got to be billions (VIDEO) May 3, 2015

-8736.5- also see: Spike in radiation levels for West Coast? Abnormal readings on 8 of 18 EPA monitors for California, Oregon, Washington - Devices now undergoing quality review Mar 22, 2011

-8736.6- also see: Twice as much Fukushima radiation near California coast than originally reported; Highest levels found anywhere in Eastern Pacific - Scientist: Very little we can do… It’s unprecedented… God forbid anything else happens - Gundersen: Multiple plumes now along west coast… Will be coming for century or more (AUDIO) Nov 20, 2014

-8736.7- also see: BREAKING: Fukushima nuclear waste detected along Southern California coast - Highest levels seen in North America since testing program began - 8.4 Bq/m3 of radioactive cesium measured near beach between Los Angeles and San Diego (VIDEO & MAP) Aug 25, 2015

[viii] 07:52 AM Aug 24, 2015 | 266

-8702- Horrific environmental mystery… Everyone’s freaked out: 1,500% normal death rate in whales off West Coast - Gov’t declares unprecedented Unusual Mortality Event - Scientists alarmed, no idea what’s happening - Expert: it’s all going to cascade up to us - Other die-offs being reported (VIDEOS)

 

[ix] 09:40 PM Jul 20, 2015 | 206

-8681- TV: Mystery green goo decimating fishing on West Coast - Like ectoplasm in Ghostbusters - Experts: About as severe as we could ever anticipate… Lot of unusual things going on - we’re not catching any fish… Never as bad as right now… Almost non-existent… Worst season ever (PHOTO-[ix])

 

[x] 11:17 PM Jul 12, 2015 | 129

-8675- TV: U.S. scientists testing for radiation in dead whales as Mysterious die-off in Pacific continues - 14 carcasses reported - death toll could rise - may have consumed something toxic (VIDEO)

 

[xi] 09:04 AM May 3, 2015 | 233

-8623- TV: Billions of Mysterious creatures dead along West Coast - Literally covering all of Oregon coast - Washing up from California to Alaska - Expert: Death totals are staggering, it’s got to be billions (VIDEO)

 

[xii] Alaska polar bears suffering lesions, seals sores

-8591- Mysterious affliction in Alaska polar bears suffering baldness and lesions; Rate spiked nearly 1,000% after Fukushima began - Gov’t: Ongoing reports of unusual number of hairless seals with sores - Seals continue to be reported with hair loss… it makes U.S. nervous (PHOTO)

 

[xiii] 05:22 PM Feb 22, 2015 | 227

-8574- Bizarre, milky rain falls for days by most contaminated nuclear site in U.S. - Expert: I’ve never seen anything like it - TV: Very unusual for our area - Nuke lab didn’t collect enough to analyze… never planned to do real study on mystery material - NOAA contaminates sample, then loses it (VIDEO)

 

[xiv] 02:21 PM Jan 13, 2015 | 332

Sick marine mammal surge on California coast

-8536- ABC: Mysterious surge in sick marine mammals all along California coast - Infested with parasites, emaciated; ill… in very bad shape - Experts: we’re extremely concerned right now - Deaths up 1,500% at rescue facility - Number mystifies officials (VIDEOS)

 

[xv] 08:14 AM Nov 4, 2014 | 146

-8486- Mysterious Phenomena off U.S. West Coast: Fish disappeared, whales nearly absent, no krill, high rates of egg failure among birds - California Fishermen: There’s almost nothing there, just a lot of warm clear water

 

[xvi] 01:06 AM Sep 26, 2014 | 261

-8436- Nuclear Expert: We found mystery Fukushima plutonium; Why it’s there is yet to be understood, this was not expected - U.S. Gov’t Expert: I don’t want to go down the rabbit hole too far… There’s speculation about plutonium fuel and about what other fuel they were using (VIDEO)

 

[xvii] 09:00 AM Sep 10, 2014 | 180

-8413- Head Scientist: I used to think I knew why mystery epidemic is decimating millions of West Coast starfish, but now I don’t - toxic pollution suspected - Fukushima not dismissed as cause - California Professor: Significant levels of fallout got into our coastal food web

 

[xviii] 08:20 PM Sep 6, 2014 | 352

Sea lions dying from organs falling out of place, tumors

-8408- California sea lions dying from organs falling out of place, tumors, accumulation of puss inside bodies (PHOTOS) Marine mammal deaths reported by The Marine Mammal Center (Sausalito, Calif) since June 2014 (domoic acid-related deaths excluded):

(12) Abscess: Collection of pus in tissue of t body

(1) Carcinoma: Cancer that begins when altered or damaged DNA occurs so that cells become transformed, and begin to exhibit abnormal malignant properties.

(1) Cardiomyopathy: Heart muscle disease – deterioration of the heart muscle, usually leads to heart failure

(1) Coccidioidomycosis: Fungal disease - serious complications may occur in patients with weakened immune systems

(2) Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: Blood clots [that can] lead to multiple organ damage - clotting is disrupted - severe bleeding can occur

(7) Neoplasia: Commonly referred to as a tumor - malignant neoplasm is a cancer

(6) Otostrongylus: Lungworms in lungs or heart of seals

(3) Peritonitis: Inflammation of tissue lining inner wall of abdomen - may result from infection (often due to rupture of a hollow organ)

(4) Pneumonia: Inflammatory condition of the lung

(6) Prolapse: Latin for to fall out - organs, such as the uterus, fall down or slip out of place - organs protruding through vagina or rectum

(3) Pyothorax: Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity

(2) Renal Failure: Kidneys fail to adequately filter waste products from the blood

(5) Septicemia: Potentially fatal whole-body inflammation caused by severe infection

-8408.1- also see: CBS San Francisco: Record number of sick seals & sea lions - large pockets of green and yellow puss all over their body (PHOTO & VIDEOS) Apr 20, 2014

-8408.2- also see: Federal gov’t declares Unusual Mortality Event in So. California - 70% of all newborn sea lions may be dying - Testing for toxins, infectious agents (VIDEO) Mar 28, 2013

-8408.3- also see: Alarm as record numbers of seals and sea lions ‘starving to death’ along California coast - calls coming nonstop - washing ashore  May 4, 2014

-8408.4- also see: NBC: Record level of sick or injured California seals and sea lions turning up - numbers are extraordinary - pups should be weighing 2x or 3x as much, severely malnourished (VIDEO) Apr 18, 2014

-8408.5- also see: TV: Huge increase in dead and sick sea mammals on California coast - Unprecedented numbers, annual record broken in 7 months - starving, drooling, brain damaged, suffering seizures - Sea lions ‘mysteriously’ vanishing on other side of Pacific - Experts: We don’t know what’s happening (VIDEO) Aug 3, 2014

[xix] 02:05 PM Aug 22, 2014 | 175

-8381- Time Magazine: Doctor links recent outbreaks of mysterious ­rashes to Fukushima - Cancer Specialist: There’s so much societal pressure to not even mention the word radiation - Video: Huge number of cancers already… Gov’t engaged in propaganda (VIDEO)

[xx] 10:03 AM Jun 18, 2011 | 19  

-771- Pasture grass contaminated with cesium above safety standard 200 km from Fukushima plant - Radiation levels over safety limits in many locations

[xxi] 12:29 AM Aug 15, 2014 | 356  index: horse; May 6, 2015; skin

Horses - skin falls off 1/3rd of body, covered in painful lesions, eyes swollen shut, liver damage, fainting

-8368- TV: Mystery illness hits California horses - nobody will even tell us what it is -skin falls off, covered in painful lesions, eyes swollen shut, liver damage, fainting - Expert: Never seen anything like it in 40-year career (PHOTOS -[xxi] [xxi] & VIDEOS) - also, note similar condition of losing skin in marine mammals, here [xxi]

-8368.1- also see: Biologist finds pink salmon that are canary yellow on Canada’s Pacific coast - Insides also yellow: Heart parts, gill arches, spines, cartilage in head - Spleens swollen, livers spotted, some with bugged-out eyes (PHOTOS) Oct 17, 2013

-8368.2- also see: Sickened Alaska animals getting more tests for Fukushima radionuclides - Oozing sores, bleeding, swollen internal organs, hair loss (PHOTOS) Mar 14, 2013

01:26 PM May 6, 2015 | 417

-8368.3- also see: U.S. university testing animals in Pacific for Fukushima radiation - Photos show bodies riddled with tumors, eyes bleeding, covered in lesions - Some are missing testicles, eyeballs - Skin disintegrating, peeling off, turning yellow - Mammals affected by diseases never seen in species (PHOTOS) May 6, 2015

01:26 PM May 6, 2015 | 417

Seals & walrus suffer

-8627- U.S. university testing animals in Pacific for Fukushima radiation - bodies riddled with tumors, eyes bleeding, covered in lesions - Some are missing testicles, eyeballs - Skin disintegrates, peels off, turns yellow - Mammals affected by diseases never seen in species (Photos -[xxi])

 

-8368.4- also see: Eye swelling a symptom of thyroid disorder - I often hear how children’s eyes become swollen after being in radiation-contaminated sandboxes, says Japanese organizer… Remember the kitten? (VIDEO) Oct 31, 2011

-8368.5- also see: ‘Marine Mystery’ in California: Toxic outbreak threatening marine life - Birds falling from sky, sea lions convulsing - Worst they’ve ever seen - Toxin hits record level, almost 1,000% above gov’t limit - Heart lesions, severe shrinking in part of brain, nervous system failure (VIDEO) May 3, 2014

10:19 AM Aug 14, 2014 | 241

-8367- Fukushima radiation causes serious biological effects - irreversible major shifts in ecosystems - abnormality and mortality (PHOTOS -[xxi] [xxi])

 

[xxii] -8368.5- also see: ‘Marine Mystery’ in California: Toxic outbreak threatening marine life - Birds falling from sky, sea lions convulsing - Worst they’ve ever seen - Toxin hits record level, almost 1,000% above gov’t limit - Heart lesions, severe shrinking in part of brain, nervous system failure (VIDEO) May 3, 2014

 

[xxiii] 01:12 AM Aug 6, 2014 | 133

-8353- Alaska: New mystery disease much worse - could wreak havoc from Alaska to Mexico (VIDEO)

 

[xxiv] 07:49 PM Jun 20, 2014 | 129

Farm animals

-8293- Farmers: Fukushima radiation cause mystery disease - animals have spots on bodies-[xxiv]-[xxiv] (PHOTO)

 

[xxv] 02:41 PM May 10, 2014 | 29

-8223- Concern Fukushima impacting Alaska; unusual animals showing up dead-[xxv]; seals w/unknown disease… first ever cases of avian cholera - rare whale beachings in Alaska-[xxv] -[xxv]- (PHOTOS)

-8223.1- also see: VIDEO: Extremely rare whale washes up in Northeast Japan - Just one sighting of species in history - similar creature found dead nearby Apr 14, 2015

-8223.2- also see: Mysterious deadly black fungus found on fish in Pacific Northwest - Gov’t: concern Fukushima radiation could be involved - Biologists investigating how this land-based mold is now appearing in ocean - Many reports of unusual rotting sores, growths, bumps, cancer (PHOTOS) -[xxv] May 21, 2015

-8223.3- also see: TV: Billions of mysterious creatures dead along West Coast - Literally covering all of Oregon coast - Washing up from California to Alaska - Expert: Death totals are staggering, it’s got to be billions (VIDEO) May 3, 2015

-8223.4- also see: CNN: Scientists puzzled as rare ‘sea monsters’ wash ashore in Southern California - Expert: 2 giant oarfish and saber-toothed whale in a week… What is going on? (VIDEO) Oct 19, 2013

-8223.5- also see: Officials in U.S. report very rare mutations in Pacific sea life - Never seen anything like this - Photos show red crabs completely white, shockingly bright blue… almost unnatural, or with yellow legs - Environment could play a role - Also observed recently by Japan (VIDEO) Jul 22, 2014

 

[xxvi] 02:21 PM Apr 5, 2014 | 159

Sea stars decimated on West Coast

-8145- Sea stars decimated on West Coast - SoCal ravaged as mystery disease spreads south; hundreds last year, now none - hit hard - mortality event like this never before documented - uncharted waters - likes of which we haven’t seen - turn to bacterial goop (RADIO)

 

[xxvii] 11:09 AM Mar 18, 2014 | 151

-8103- Scientists mystified over Fukushima radioactive waste found in Pacific Northwest - Washington Official: I have no idea how it could get there-[xxvii] -[xxvii]- need to monitor if it’s building up in food web

 

[xxviii] 03:29 PM Feb 12, 2014 | 87

-7085- Scientists test for Fukushima plutonium particles transported-[xxviii] in Pacific - environmental mobility (AUDIO)

-7085.1- also see: Study: Fuel materials introduced to ocean via drains at Fukushima plant, potentially serious contamination of marine environment - melted MOX fuel contains plutonium oxide

-7085.2- also see: Plutonium is being discharged into Pacific Ocean from Fukushima plant; flowing out of ruptured containments - reactor water turns into ‘yellowish, fizzing liquid’ from damaged fuel rods - actually vibrates (PHOTO & VIDEO) Jul 1, 2014

-7085.3- also see: ‘Death ashes’ everywhere after recent Fukushima releases - hot particles attach to clothes; huge spray of radioactive material had Plutonium (VIDEO) Jul 21, 2014

-7085.4- also see: ‘Mystery’ Fukushima plutonium; why it’s there is yet to be understood - U.S. Gov’t Expert: Speculation about plutonium fuel and what other fuel was used (VIDEO) Sep 26, 2014

-7085.5- also see: MOX fuel particles found over 100 km from Fukushima - Plutonium-239 levels ‘significantly enhanced’ after Reactor 3 explosion - nuclear fuel material transported in atmosphere across long distances (MAP)-[xxviii] Dec 5, 2014

01:21 PM Feb 12, 2014 | 92

-7084- U.S. scientists worry about Fukushima radionuclide plume (MAP-[xxviii])

-7084.1- also see: Previously unpublished map from gov't scientists shows Fukushima plume at Alaska coast (PHOTO)

-7084.2- also see: Senior Scientist: Second radioactive plume headed to California - Effects of Fukushima will be increasing as front edge of large water plume arrives - Levels to rise for years - It’s a health and safety issue here yet no one testing ocean (VIDEO) Jan 19, 2014

-7084.3- also see: Fairbanks city council unanimously passes Fukushima monitoring resolution: Alaska and west coast of N. America in danger - No safe levels of radiation… constitutes grave risk - Alaska Senator: We need to be vigilant (AUDIO) Mar 15, 2014

-7084.4- also see: NPR Affiliate: Fukushima cesium detected in Alaska salmon sample - Radioactive plume has already reached West Coast - Concerned fishermen forced to pay for tests since officials not doing it - People don’t trust gov’t… they don’t trust corporations (AUDIO) Jan 16, 2014

-7084.5- also see: ‘Mystery disease’ on Pacific coast of Alaska - livers ‘crumble’- hearts enlarged, pale… Yellow lymph nodes… blood-filled lungs (PHOTOS) - Professor: Worrying there’s no answers, big public health concern - Testing carcasses for Fukushima radioactivity (AUDIO) (PHOTO-[xxviii]) May 16, 2014

-7084.6- also see: Fukushima Plume Arrives at West Coast - Expert: If this was of greater health concern, we’d be very worried; One model predicts levels over 1,000% higher than another, this is not really acceptable (GRAPHIC) Feb 25, 2014

 

[xxix] 01:25 PM Dec 10, 2013 | 201  

-6797- U.S. Nuclear Officials: Fuel fragments were likely ejected from cladding at the 3 Fukushima reactors - Particles of fuel resemble highly radioactive ‘mystery black substance’ often seen in Japan since 3/11 (PHOTOS)

 

[xxx] 07:35 PM Dec 9, 2013 | 61  

-6794- Weird things happening on California coast: Previously unknown toxic algae blooms proliferating; Unprecedented mass of oxygen-poor water near shore - TV: mystery strandings of large squid covered miles (VIDEO)

 

[xxxi] 10:35 AM Nov 23, 2013 | 146  

Die-offs of mammals, birds, reptiles in Western U.S.

-6733- Die-offs of mammals, birds, reptiles in Western U.S. - So many diseases afflicting such a wide variety of animals - Names out of sci-fi thriller: hemorrhagic disease, sylvatic plague (VIDEO)

-6733.1- also see: Areas by U.S. nuclear plants are becoming ‘seismically active’; Studies underway right now - NRC ‘Official Use Only’: Quakes can actually happen almost anywhere (AUDIO) Jan 3, 2014

-6733.2- also see: Local TV: People came home to find animals with eyes burned out after TMI evacuation (VIDEO & PHOTOS) Feb2, 2012

-6733.3- also see: Gundersen: Deformities, stillbirths not being reported after Fukushima - Officials withholding truth about health effects - Gov’t suppressing studies on deformed animals (AUDIO) Oct 3, 2013

-6733.4- also see: Radio: Mysterious disease killing seals in Atlantic Ocean - Fukushima fallout testing underway by gov’t scientists (AUDIO) Sep 1, 2012

-6733.5- also see: Concern Fukushima impacting Alaska; Unusual animals showing up dead… Seals w/ unknown disease… 1st ever cases of avian cholera - ‘rare whale beachings’ in Alaska - Japan Paper: Mysterious sea creatures found one after another (PHOTOS-[xxxi]) May 10, 2014

-6733.6- also see: VIDEO: Extremely rare whale washes up in Northeast Japan - Just one sighting of species in history - Similar creature found dead nearby Apr 14, 2015

-6733.7- also see: Mysterious deadly black fungus being found on fish in Pacific Northwest - Gov’t: There was some concern Fukushima radiation could be involved - Biologists investigating how this land-based mold is now appearing in ocean - Many reports of unusual rotting sores, growths, bumps, cancer (PHOTOS-[xxxi]) May 21, 2015  

-6733.9- also see: Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium---02-02-15 - Whitefish that had a bulged out eyeball and some type of growth around the cheekbone. Would like to know the cause of these observed abnormalities ---12-10-14 - Whitefish has a brownish moldy growth all over body. We would like to know more about what is going on with our fish and why this is happening ---10-24-14 - Trout appeared to have sores rotting or decaying… have never seen these sores before… We are still seeing a lot of fish with these kinds of conditions ---06-12-14 - A codfish that was caught with a deep cut or sore on it was pulled in… We are not really sure what happened to this poor cod, but we think it is unusual ---05-26-14 - Whitefish that had a growth on its dorsal fin. Other fish were also caught with a similar condition… ADF&G: This whitefish has… probably a neoplasm (cancer) ---02-17-14 - Fish… found with lesions on them… Other people also said they saw these bumps… elders who said they have seen fish with skin bumps like this once before… people are still worried because they are not sure what it is this time…. these bumps… were like puss. There are quite a few people who are worried.

-6733.10- also see: Billions of mysterious creatures dead along West Coast - Literally covering all of Oregon coast - Washing up from California to Alaska - Expert: Death totals are staggering, (VIDEO) May 3, 2015

-6733.11- also see: CNN: Scientists puzzled as rare ‘sea monsters’ wash ashore in Southern California - Expert: 2 giant oarfish and saber-toothed whale in a week… What is going on? (VIDEO) Oct 19, 2013

 

[xxxii] 04:05 PM Nov 17, 2013 | 150  

-6702- CBS News: ‘Immense mystery’ as sea stars being wiped out along West Coast, could be gone for generations - Bewildering disease is spreading and no idea what’s causing it, or how to stop it – Time-lapse shows all legs lost in 7 hours (VIDEOS)

 

[xxxiii] 12:28 PM Nov 16, 2013 | 79  

-6699- The truth must be told, Fukushima a major global threat to all living flora and fauna… Mainstream media not best source of information - Gundersen: Only thing saving us is the internet (AUDIO)

 

[xxxiv] 01:22 AM Nov 14, 2013 | 129  

-6688- U.S. Gov’t: Alaskan island appears to show impacts from Fukushima - significant cesium isotope signature - anticipate more marine life to be impacted as ocean plume arrives (VIDEO)

 

[xxxv] 05:50 PM Nov 7, 2013 | 82  

Starfish

-6665- Mystery: starfish turn to ‘slime’ along Pacific coast - loss of millions and millions - Innards become exposed and fall apart - cases balloon in Alaska (VIDEO)

 

[xxxvi] 01:12 PM Nov 7, 2013 | 184  

-6664- Caldicott: 50 years or more of highly contaminated water flowing into Pacific from Fukushima - Tepco VP not optimistic: I have concerns for long-term plan - Location of melted fuel a mystery (VIDEO)

 

[xxxvii] 09:05 PM Nov 4, 2013 | 67  

Sea star rips itself into pieces

-6649- PHOTOS: Sea star rips itself into pieces-[xxxvii] - Like a horror movie - AP: Deaths from Alaska to S. California - Biologist: Related to an environmental change? An early warning that we aren’t picking up on? - Professor: None of us had ever seen anything like this before

-6649.1- also see: Seattle TV: Warning, video of the (melting) sea stars might be disturbing - Scientists are so concerned about rapidly spreading die off on West Coast - Doubled in just a few days - Jellyfish numbers booming Nov 2, 2013

-6649.2- also see: CBS News: ‘Immense mystery’ as sea stars being wiped out along West Coast, could be gone for generations - bewildering disease is spreading and no idea what’s causing it, or how to stop it – Time-lapse shows all legs lost in 7 hours (VIDEOS) Nov 17, 2013

-6649.3- also see: Reports: Sea stars decimated on West Coast - SoCal ravaged as mystery disease spreads south; saw hundreds last year, now none - got hit really hard - mortality event like this never before documented - turning to ‘bacterial goop’ (RADIO) Apr 5, 2014

-6649.4- also see: UC Berkeley Professor: California seeing Fukushima fallout won’t be a surprise - ‘Especially concerned’ after radioactive leaks at plant were admitted - not terribly confident in information Japan is sharing Jan 19, 2014

-6649.5- also see: NBC Nightly News: Another highly troubling report - what’s going on in the Pacific - Millions of starfish ‘melt away’ from Alaska to California - Fukushima radiation ‘not ruled out’ as factor in epidemic - very different than anything seen before (VIDEO) Dec 1, 2013

[xxxviii] 02:56 AM Oct 2, 2013 | 33  

-6474- NHK: ‘Mystery’ radiation spike at Fukushima - High levels of strontium in water that leaked into soil - Many times above gov’t limit - Overflow from TEPCO pumping in wrong container (PHOTO & VIDEO)

 

[xxxix] 04:35 PM Sep 28, 2013 | 29  

-6459- Mysterious black substance flew all the way to Tokyo area from Fukushima ten days after first explosion - Since then, they’ve been shrouded in horror - Everyone here looks somewhat damaged by the radiation (VIDEO)

 

[xl] 02:58 PM Aug 29, 2013 | 38  

-6274- TV: Mystery spots on Fukushima cows-[xl] ignored by gov’t - Veterinarian: It’s extremely important, Japan has to think of what to do with this problem (VIDEO)

 

[xli] 04:44 PM Aug 2, 2013 | 10  

-6103- Highly radioactive ‘mystery objects’ found - Rumored to be pieces of Fukushima reactor buildings - 15 kilometers from nuclear plant (PHOTOS)

 

[xlii] 12:31 PM Jul 31, 2013 | 29  

-6088- Highly radioactive ‘mystery steam’ and water released in ground, sea, and air from Fukushima plant - TEPCO should prevent contamination escaping - shoddy and inept handling

 

[xliii] 10:01 AM Jul 13, 2013 | 131  

-6028- Fukushima plant is hemorrhaging radioactivity - Scariest part of all is they don’t know where it’s coming from - The big mystery is why contamination is coming out now in such a hurry (VIDEO)

 

[xliv] 10:59 AM Jul 11, 2013 | 64  

-6026- Japan kids ingest Fukushima fuel rods? Mystery black substance likely contains concentrated unburned nuclear fuel (VIDEO)

 

[xlv] 04:30 PM May 21, 2013 | 83  

-5899- Highest levels of Fukushima contamination in plankton east of Hawaii? (MAPS)

-5899.1- also see:  Mysterious die off of young salmon in Pacific Northwest - Healthy… and then they die heading out to sea - Far less plankton than normal - Researchers test for plankton and Fukushima contamination off West Coast (VIDEO) Aug 6, 2014

-5899.2- also see: Gov’t scientists concerned Atlantic Ocean to be contaminated by Fukushima plume now in Pacific - Currents would carry it to U.S. East Coast (PHOTOS) Dec 21, 2013

-5899.3- also see: High concentrations of radiation hit U.S. and Canada - Plume rich in Cesium-137 and close to surface from Vancouver southward - See also Hawaii, Florida (MAPS) Oct 28, 2011

-5899.4- also see: French gov’t map shows ‘maximum’ radiation directly over Hawaii March 21, 2011 - Highest levels of anywhere in world, including Fukushima (GRAPHIC) Feb 9, 2014

-5899.5- also see: Forecast: ‘Most’ Fukushima nuclear particles will move east across Pacific - Narrow line of radioactive pollutants to cross ocean this year - Uses decades of data (GRAPHIC) Feb 17, 2014

 

[xlvi] 10:13 AM May 15, 2013 | 32  

-5879- Mystery black substance detected in Japan with extreme radioactivity levels - Over 170,000 CPM (VIDEO)

 

[xlvii] 10:47 PM May 6, 2013 | 29  

-5845- South Carolina, Savannah site: Mystery bacteria at U.S. nuclear site - will be killed before being studied (PHOTO)

 

[xlviii] 02:34 PM Sep 7, 2012 | 67

-4220- Senior Adviser: Mystery bacteria growing on nuclear fuel rods have unknown DNA sequence - trying to figure out what they’re using for food

 

[xlix] 05:34 AM Sep 1, 2012 | 83

-4166- Radio: Mysterious disease killing seals in Atlantic Ocean-[xlix] -[xlix]- Fukushima fallout testing underway by gov’t scientists (AUDIO)

 

[l] 05:02 AM Aug 20, 2012 | 21

-4063- Mystery yellow substance on rooftop near Tokyo has cesium at 177,000 Bq/kg (VIDEO)

 

[li] 07:00 PM Jun 14, 2012 | 34

-3584- Highly radioactive mysterious bacteria around Japan - children touch it, baby strollers nearby - Gov’t claims no immediate effects

 

[lii] 12:10 AM Apr 29, 2012 | 29  

-3193- Real mystery black substance not yet measured - possibly 20,000,000 Bq/kg of cesium - many times more radioactive than local official’s sample - too dangerous and must be analyzed by public institutions (PHOTOS)

 

[liii] 03:07 PM Apr 18, 2012 | 59  

-3106- ‘Vomiting road workers hospitalized after exposing mysterious nuclear waste’

 

[liv] 10:12 AM Mar 20, 2012 | 84  

-2887- Pieces of highly radioactive mystery black substance cling to magnet (VIDEO)

 

[lv] 01:37 PM Mar 7, 2012 | 39  index: snow

-2771- Massive amount of mystery black substance found on road in Minamisoma - after several days of rain and snow – emits 50 microSv/hr (PHOTO)

 

[lvi] 09:47 AM Feb 17, 2012 | 27  

-2626- Original black mystery substance not tested - more radioactive than said - 95,880 cpm - to 60,000 cpm in beta - (new alpha info)

 

[lvii] 07:40 AM Feb 16, 2012 | 58  

-2618- Mystery black substance has 1,000,000+ Bq/kg of cesium - Seen all over Minami Soma

 

[lviii] 01:46 PM Jan 5, 2012 | 32  

-2184- Many cases of mysterious illnesses - I hear that malformed babies are born

 

[lix] 06:20 PM Dec 13, 2011 | 74  

-1992- Report: Famous Japanese women blogging about mysterious bruises-[lix]  (PHOTOS)

 

[lx] 07:42 PM Sep 4, 2015 | 1,086

Seals, whales, sea lions, otters, birds

-8706- West Coast animals. Alaska-to-California – whale disoriented; sea lions, seals, otters, birds disoriented, seizures; 30 whales tangle in nets; moose disoriented, swims in circles (PHOTOS & VIDEO)

06:45 PM Sep 2, 2015 | 631

EXTINCTION-LEVEL EVENT NOTE PHOTOS OF ALL SEA LIFE DEAD ON BEACH - ALSO NOTE PLUTONIUM-RADIONUCLIDE HOT SPOTS IN PACIFIC OCEAN WILL CONTINUE KILLING FOR HUNDREDS TO THOUSANDS OF YEARS

-8705- West Coast: Whale strandings, cancer in seals, collapse of fish stocks (PHOTOS-) and (VIDEO - whale final gasps on beach)

VOA transcript, Sep 1, 2015 (emphasis added): Sharp Rise in Whale Deaths Being Investigated - Since May, 30 dead whales have washed ashore on the Gulf of Alaska. (Deborah Fauquier, NOAA): ‘And the average for the whole year generally is 8, so it’s definitely significantly elevated and for us that was a reason for concern.’ The Extreme Mortality Event, as scientists are calling it, has triggered an investigation.

Huffington Post, Sep 1, 2015: Radiation in the Ocean - The West Coast of the United States seems under siege by negative environmental news… and numerous accounts of unusual coastal events: algae blooms, whale strandings, cancer in seals, collapse of fish stocks, and more… One argument has been the effect of radiation leaking from the [Fukushima] nuclear power plant reactors… and has been thereafter distributed by ocean currents; indeed there is evidence of a plume of increased concentration of Cesium-134, and other radioactive elements that have been observed at unprecedented levels, spreading out some 5,000 miles into the Pacific… In April of this year, there were headlines declaring that Fukushima radiation has reached the North American Shore and concerns were raised, spread through the Internet and press, that this was surely the cause of these otherwise inexplicable anomalous natural events. There is no Federal agency that funds monitoring of radiation in coastal water… So, yes, and no. No definitive conclusion, no clear argument that radiation is the cause of those coastal events which distress us so… The question is immensely important…

A Plus, Aug 27, 2015: The Story Behind This Picture Is So Mysterious, Scientists Are Scratching Their Heads; What is going on here?!… the number has skyrocketed. Thirty whales spanning at least four species have been found… NOAA Fisheries scientists and partners are very concerned about the large number of whales stranding in the western Gulf of Alaska in recent months, Dr. Teri Rowles of the NOAA said… these enormous, gorgeous animals are dying in such high numbers.

VOA, Sep 1, 2015: While President Barack Obama is in Alaska, he might have this question: Why have 30 dead whales washed ashore… [NOAA's] Fauquier said the extreme mortality event was complicated… Fauquier noted that in the ocean, toxins move up the food chain. Some of the whales actually filter the phytoplankton and the zooplankton… they get the toxins through that method…. as you go higher up the food web, more toxin gets concentrated.… NOAA hopes to explain why the whales died and why they perished in such great numbers.

Cordova Times, Aug 28, 2015: Whales..Thirty dead whales ….And no one knows why… when thirty of them die in four months, three times the usual rate, something is not right…. between 700 deaths over the years, scientists have managed to perform two full necropsies. For this particular event, they’ve done one limited necropsy… While they keep an eye on algae, they have been testing all possibilities. Possibilities like fallout from Fukushima, and while they did radiation testing as part of the limited autopsy, it came back with background levels that would occur normally in Alaska, said Julie Speegle, speaking on behalf of NOAA.

Newsweek, Aug 27, 2015: Over the last few months, dead whales have been appearing regularly on beaches along the Northern California coast. In the same period, 30 whale carcasses have washed up along the coast of Alaska, puzzling scientists.

Washington Post, Aug 30, 2015: Concerns mount as whales are found dead in Gulf of Alaska - Researchers are scrambling to determine what’s behind the death of 30 whales… Other dead whales have been reported off the coast of British Columbia…. starvation or disease could be behind the deaths… The more likely culprit is unusual water conditions.

NPR, Sep 1, 2015: Researchers say record low oxygen levels in Hood Canal are causing marine life to die off. Marine life is struggling to survive… We have been seeing lots and lots of dead fish on beaches, said Seth Book, with the Skokomish Tribe’s Department of Natural Resources… This is really the worst year in terms of the oxygen, said Jan Newton, an oceanography professor at the University of Washington…

 

[lx]

 

[lx]

 

[lxi] 02:03 PM Mar 7, 2014 | 231

-8073- Fukushima: Plutonium, Uranium-236, Curium discharged into environment in form of fine particles-[lxi] I would say they’re much more an ingestion hazard. And that usually tends to target children and agricultural workers- A child on average consumes between 100 and 200 milligrams of soil a day because of hand-to-mouth activity … something to think about. (PHOTO)

Environmental Science & Technology (ACS Publications), March 6, 2014: Isotopic compositions of 236U and Pu isotopes in Black Substances collected from roadsides in Fukushima Prefecture: fallout from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident - Black colored road dusts were collected in high radiation areas in Fukushima Prefecture. Measurement of 236U and Pu isotopes and 134,137Cs in samples was performed in order to confirm whether refractory elements such as U and Pu from the fuel core were discharged  The concentrations of 134,137Cs in all samples were exceptionally high, ranging from 0.43 to 17.7 MBq/kg, respectively. 239+240Pu was detected at low levels, ranging from 0.18 to 1.14 Bq/kg and with high 238Pu/239+240Pu activity ratios of 1.64 to 2.64. 236U was successfully determined in the range 0.28 to 6.74 x10^-4 Bq/kg. The observed activity ratios for 236U/239+240Pu were in reasonable agreement with those calculated for the fuel core inventories, indicating that trace amounts of U from the fuel cores were released together with Pu isotopes, but without large fractionation. The quantities of U and 239+240Pu, emitted to the atmosphere were estimated as 2.3×10^9 Bq (150 g) and 3.9×10^6 Bq (580 mg), respectively.  fractionation between volatile and refractory radionuclides associated with the dispersal/deposition processes with distance from the FDNPP was found.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, June 2014: Isotopic Pu, Am and Cm signatures in environmental samples contaminated by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident - Dust samples from the sides of roads (black substances) have been collected together with litter and soil samples at more than 100 sites contaminated heavily in the 20-km exclusion zones around Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) (Minamisoma City, and Namie, Futaba and Okuma Towns), in Iitate Village located from 25 to 45 km northwest of the plant and in southern areas from the plant. Isotopes of Pu, Am and Cm have been measured in the samples to evaluate their total releases into the environment  When these activity ratios were compared with those for fuel core inventories in the FDNPP accident estimated by a group at JAEA, except 239,240Pu/137Cs activity ratios, fairly good agreements were found, indicating that transuranic nuclides, probably in the forms of fine particles, were released into the environment without their large fractionations.

 

See also: Japan kids ingesting pieces of Fukushima fuel rods? Expert: Mystery black substance very likely contains concentrated unburned nuclear fuel (VIDEO)

Marco Kaltofen, President at Boston Chemical Data Corp. & Doctoral student researcher at Worcester Polytechnic Institute:  We kept hearing reports about something unusual, a black dust  we finally got a very small sample of that

What’s different about this material is unlike a lot of the soil and dust samples we’ve gotten, there’s a real uniformity to this stuff. It’s a single substance. It’s not a mix of mineral particles and pieces of dead bugs and plant matter and dust particles. It’s actually very homogenous and uniform when you look at it under the microscope. And it doesn’t look like the surrounding soils. And it is much more intensely radioactive than any other soil or dust sample we’ve gotten from around Fukushima Daiichi. So this material is different. It’s not a natural soil. There’s something unusual happening with this stuff.

The sample had fairly high levels of radium 226. Now that’s not a radioisotope that we hear as much about. The radium 226 has almost as much activity as the radioactive Cesium in the sample. Radium 226 is a degradation product of uranium and we can’t really detect the uranium directly.  And this tells me that this particle contains not only fission waste products from the reactor but very likely contains a concentrated unburned nuclear fuel. And that’s unusual. This sample had by far the highest level of uranium daughters that we’ve seen in a dust or soil sample. We’re actually seeing material that might well have come from inside a failed fuel assembly. Arnie Gundersen, Fairewinds’ Chief Engineer: Okay. When I hear that, that’s clear evidence that the containment was breached. The interesting thing to me is that when I hear black, I think of like algae or fungi or something like that. But you’re saying this is not an organic substance. Is that right?

Kaltofen: No. It’s not an organic substance. It’s a mixture of very small particles and just the way they aggregate gives it the appearance of being black, but it’s - it probably - I won’t say optical illusion, but it’s an optical effect of the size of the particles and the way they’re joined together.

Gundersen: Are these particles light enough for people to ingest them or breathe them in?

Kaltofen: Well, certainly they could be ingested - right now I would say they’re much more an ingestion hazard. And that usually tends to target children and agricultural workersA child on average consumes between 100 and 200 milligrams of soil a day because of hand-to-mouth activity. So that’s something to really think about.

 

[lxii] 12:34 PM Feb 18, 2014 | 119

Hanford

-8006- Pacific Northwest: Bizarre cluster of severe birth defects [lxii] - - Officials refuse to say how many new cases in 2013 - county on border of Hanford - most polluted nuclear site in the world (MAP -–

-8006.1- also see: New data shows babies missing brains at 2,500% national rate in county by nuclear site - Mother: Officials shut me down the minute I mentioned Hanford! - Experts: No birth defect more extreme; most significant impact of radiation on developing embryos (AUDIO) Nov 30, 2014

-8006.2- Worrisome spike in deadly birth defects around leaking U.S. nuclear site - Officials claim it could be a complete coincidence - No news reports mention it’s by the most contaminated area in Western Hemisphere  Jul 22, 2013

-8006.3- Rapid rise in babies with missing brains and spinal cords sticking out in area surrounding most contaminated nuclear site in U.S. - Mother: Actual number way higher than officials report (VIDEO) Sep 16, 2014

-8006.4 TV: 8 times more babies than usual born without brain near U.S. nuclear site - much higher rate than anywhere else in country - CNN: Experts speak out over failure of officials to conduct proper investigation (VIDEO) Jun 23, 2014

-8006.5- New data shows spike in babies born missing parts of brain around leaking U.S. nuclear site - Official: We’re really concerned it remains so high, we hoped it would go away - NBC: Many locals say Hanford to blame - CDC Expert: Cases not focused near Hanford (VIDEO) Apr 24, 2014

 

[lxiii] 03:29 PM Feb 12, 2014 | 87

-7085- Scientists test for Fukushima plutonium particles transported-[lxiii] in Pacific - environmental mobility (AUDIO)

-7085.1- also see: Study: Fuel materials introduced to ocean via drains at Fukushima plant, potentially serious contamination of marine environment - melted MOX fuel contains plutonium oxide

-7085.2- also see: Plutonium is being discharged into Pacific Ocean from Fukushima plant; flowing out of ruptured containments - reactor water turns into ‘yellowish, fizzing liquid’ from damaged fuel rods - actually vibrates (PHOTO & VIDEO) Jul 1, 2014

-7085.3- also see: ‘Death ashes’ everywhere after recent Fukushima releases - hot particles attach to clothes; huge spray of radioactive material had Plutonium (VIDEO) Jul 21, 2014

-7085.4- also see: ‘Mystery’ Fukushima plutonium; why it’s there is yet to be understood - U.S. Gov’t Expert: Speculation about plutonium fuel and what other fuel was used (VIDEO) Sep 26, 2014

-7085.5- also see: MOX fuel particles found over 100 km from Fukushima - Plutonium-239 levels ‘significantly enhanced’ after Reactor 3 explosion - nuclear fuel material transported in atmosphere across long distances (MAP)-[lxiii] Dec 5, 2014

01:21 PM Feb 12, 2014 | 92

-7084- U.S. scientists worry about Fukushima radionuclide plume (MAP-[lxiii])

-7084.1- also see: Previously unpublished map from gov't scientists shows Fukushima plume at Alaska coast (PHOTO)

-7084.2- also see: Senior Scientist: Second radioactive plume headed to California - Effects of Fukushima will be increasing as front edge of large water plume arrives - Levels to rise for years - It’s a health and safety issue here yet no one testing ocean (VIDEO) Jan 19, 2014

-7084.3- also see: Fairbanks city council unanimously passes Fukushima monitoring resolution: Alaska and west coast of N. America in danger - No safe levels of radiation… constitutes grave risk - Alaska Senator: We need to be vigilant (AUDIO) Mar 15, 2014

-7084.4- also see: NPR Affiliate: Fukushima cesium detected in Alaska salmon sample - Radioactive plume has already reached West Coast - Concerned fishermen forced to pay for tests since officials not doing it - People don’t trust gov’t… they don’t trust corporations (AUDIO) Jan 16, 2014

-7084.5- also see: ‘Mystery disease’ on Pacific coast of Alaska - livers ‘crumble’- hearts enlarged, pale… Yellow lymph nodes… blood-filled lungs (PHOTOS) - Professor: Worrying there’s no answers, big public health concern - Testing carcasses for Fukushima radioactivity (AUDIO) (PHOTO-[lxiii]) May 16, 2014

-7084.6- also see: Fukushima Plume Arrives at West Coast - Expert: If this was of greater health concern, we’d be very worried; One model predicts levels over 1,000% higher than another, this is not really acceptable (GRAPHIC) Feb 25, 2014

12:15 PM Feb 12, 2014 | 68  index: snow

Strontium 90

-7083- Massive cracks found at Fukushima plant; 2,100 Bq/liter of strontium-90 detected from snow blanketing area - Asahi: Cracks up to 40 feet in concrete near tanks of radioactive waste

[lxiv] 08:57 PM Dec 1, 2012 | 24  -

-4883- NBC: Animals quietly falling sick and dying-[lxiv] near oil & gas drilling - Cows tails dropping off (PHOTO)

 

[lxiv]

In the midst of the domestic energy boom, livestock on farms near oil- and gas-drilling operations nationwide have been quietly falling sick and dying

Earlier this year, Michelle Bamberger, an Ithaca veterinarian, and Robert Oswald, a professor of molecular medicine at Cornell’s College of Veterinary Medicine, published the first (and, so far, only) peer-reviewed report to suggest a link between fracking and illness in food animals. The authors compiled case studies of twenty-four farmers in six shale-gas states whose livestock experienced neurological, reproductive and acute gastrointestinal problems. Exposed either accidentally or incidentally to fracking chemicals in the water or air, scores of animals have died. The death toll is insignificant when measured against the nation’s livestock population (some 97 million beef cattle go to market each year), but environmental advocates believe these animals constitute an early warning.

In Louisiana, seventeen cows died after an hour’s exposure to spilled fracking fluid. (Most likely cause of death: respiratory failure.) In north central Pennsylvania, 140 cattle were exposed to fracking wastewater when an impoundment was breached. Approximately seventy cows died; the remainder produced eleven calves, of which only three survived. In western Pennsylvania, an overflowing waste pit sent fracking chemicals into a pond and a pasture where pregnant cows grazed: half their calves were born dead.

Ever since a heater-treater unit, which separates oil, gas and brine, blew out on a drill pad a half-mile upwind of Jacki Schilke's North Dakota ranch, her own creek has been clogged with scummy growth, and it regularly burps up methane. No one can tell me what’s going on, she says. But since the blowout, her creek has failed to freeze, despite temperatures of forty below. (Testing found sulfate levels of 4,000 parts per million: the EPA’s health goal for sulfate is 250 parts per million.)

Schilke’s troubles began in the summer of 2010, when a crew working at this site continued to force drilling fluid down a well that had sprung a leak. Soon, Schilke’s cattle were limping, with swollen legs and infections. Cows quit producing milk for their calves; they lost from sixty to eighty pounds in a week; and their tails mysteriously dropped off.

 

[lxiv] NY Times: Tsunami in Switzerland? 100 foot wave on Lake Tahoe - Recent 30 foot wave in Washington - Dozens of U.S. nuclear reactors sit along lakefronts

 

[lxv] 09:32 PM Mar 31, 2015 | 504

-8601- Experts: Pacific food web crashing - what’s going on? Where are the fish? Where did they go? - To be honest, it’s insane - You could equate it to a war zone - Food shortage all up & down West Coast - Fishermen believe pollution harming food chain, doubt NOAAs warm water theory (VIDEOS)

 

[lxvi] Nuclear Power Makes Global Warming Worse

Arnie Gundersen and Grayson Webb, both of Fairewinds.org, appeared on CCTV, December 7, 2016, interviewed by Margaret Harrington

 

[lxvii] 08:09 AM Nov 22, 2011 | 34  

-1836- High-profile Fukushima studies ‘edited’ by global warming advocate James Hansen - wrote article: Why America Needs Nuclear Energy

 

[lxviii] http://enenews.com/13-baby-gray-whales-55-dolpins-found-dead-west-coast-corpses-sea-lions-birds-sea-turtles-decomposing-rash-dead-humpback-whales-oregon-fear-whales-encountering-radiation-hot-spots-whale-watchi

New Mexico St. Univ., Mar 15, 2015 (emphasis added): What’s Killing Baja’s Marine Animals? Dead gray whales and dolphins. Corpses of sea lions, birds and sea turtles decomposing on the beach. Since the beginning of the year, the coasts of Baja California have been the scene of multiple discoveries of dead marine animals. The latest find was reported last week… 55 dead dolphins and 4 sea lions… [The gov't will] probe the reasons for the mysterious deaths. In mid-January… 550 dead sea birds and 4 dead sea lions near San Felipe. Another zone of mystery surrounds the Laguna Ojo de Liebre… where 150 dead sea turtles were discovered at the end of January. About two weeks earlier, 14 lifeless gray whales (13 babies and 1 adult) and 16 dead sea turtles were found in the same area… Mexican authorities hypothesized that sea turtles… could be succumbing to hypothermia [and] baby gray whales were dying from lack of nourishment… [They] migrate to Baja California from northern Pacific waters…

AP, Feb. 1, 2015: Cold temperatures are suspected of killing some 150 sea turtles found in a lagoon of Mexico’s Baja California [the] environmental protection agency said [warm waters are blamed for record-setting deaths of California sea lions and West Coast sea birds ]… it would be difficult to determine the exact cause of death… investigators also would try to determine whether some sort of contamination might have played a role. In mid-January, federal inspectors found the bodies of 14 gray whales.

Fox News, Jan 15, 2015: Four sea lions and 550 birds found dead [in] Baja California probably died as a consequence of climate change, Mexico’s Profepa environmental protection agency said… Changes in the ocean water temperature are forcing schools of fish to swim deeper

NBC San Diego, Mar 20, 2015: A dead gray whale was found floating in the waters near Torrey Pines State Beach Thursday morning, San Diego Lifeguard officials confirmed. The young whale [was] approximately 15 to 20 feet in length - Reporter: Because it does not look like it had anything to do with humans, they believe that maybe the whale just got sick and died.

California Gray Whale Coalition, Nov. 2014: The coast’s winter whale watching season brings real fear for visiting humpbacks and grey whales encountering radiation hot spots along West Coast waters as they migrate to and from Alaska and Mexico. The central Oregon coast’s whale watching training features more than 100 volunteers at 25 whale-watching sites… this year’s whale-watching volunteers have been trained in the dangers of radiation… there has been a rash of dead humpback whales washing-up along central Oregon…

KION, Jul 3, 2014: A 35-foot-long humpback whale has washed up dead on a Central California beach… cause of death has not been determined. - Reporter: Researchers say the amount of whales found in distress this year is significantly more than in previous years… They usually only get 5 reports of entangled whales in an entire year. This year there have already been 8.

ABC San Francisco, May 22, 2014: Dead Baby Humpback Whale Washes Ashore… They’re actually endangered, said Sue Pemberton with the California Academy of Sciences. So it’s really important, every single one that dies, it’s important to know why.… unlocking the mystery of why she died so young, only half the size of a full-grown humpback.

Watch broadcasts: NBC San Diego | KION | ABC San Francisco

[lxix] The Press Democrat, Dec 25, 2016

[lxx] 12:15 PM Feb 12, 2014 | 68  index: snow

Strontium 90

-7083- Massive cracks found at Fukushima plant; 2,100 Bq/liter of strontium-90 detected from snow blanketing area - Asahi: Cracks up to 40 feet in concrete near tanks of radioactive waste

 

[lxxi] 09:04 PM Dec 22, 2013 | 94  index: Navy index: snow

-6842- NY Post: Radioactive snow falling on Navy ship caused by Fukushima radioactive steam… Is that aluminum foil I taste? - Sailor: People were defecating on themselves in hallways from excruciating diarrhea-[lxxi] -[lxxi]- Officer: We saw radiation 300 times ‘safe’ levels (VIDEO)

 

[lxxii] 11:07 AM Feb 14, 2013 | 1  index: snow

-5341- Fukushima Child: I didn’t know about nuclear disaster until April - Small kids were playing outside, playing with snow (VIDEO)

 

[lxxiii] 11:53 AM Feb 9, 2013 | 43  index: snow

-5311- Nuclear plant shuts down after in-house system loses power due to blizzard - NRC: Pilgrim lost off-site power - 3 feet of snow in parts of Boston area (VIDEO)

 

[lxxiv] 02:01 PM Jan 23, 2013 | 57  index: snow

-5195- Washington Post: Nuclear plant produces snow in Pennsylvania - I’ve never seen this particular phenomenon observed before (PHOTO)

 

[lxxv] 09:16 AM Mar 8, 2012 | 52  index: snow

-2780- A snow that would never melt began falling - Each flake bringing down cesium on city of 300,000 people 60km from meltdowns (VIDEO)

 

[lxxvi] 01:37 PM Mar 7, 2012 | 39  index: snow

-2771- Massive amount of mystery black substance found on road in Minamisoma - after several days of rain and snow – emits 50 microSv/hr (PHOTO)

 

[lxxvii] 01:07 PM Feb 12, 2012 | 37  index: snow

-2571- Official: Flakes fell like snow after first Fukushima explosion - like a movie

 

[lxxviii] 02:02 PM Jan 20, 2012 | 39  index: snow

-2329- Iodine-131 detected in Tokyo snow on Jan. 20

[lxxix] 10:40 AM Jan 25, 2014 | 232

Pulsed release - Alaska seal lesions, deaths

-6982- Alaska seal deaths & Fukushima fallout - skin lesions, hair loss, lethargy-- pulsed release … built-up radionuclides set free as ice melts - wildlife health implications due to radiation exposure discussed-[lxxix] (PHOTOS -[lxxix] & MAP -[lxxix])

(Note: The following two endnotes accompany this info.) Alaska Marine Science Symposium (pdf), Jan. 20-24, 2014 (emphasis added): 2011 Fukushima Fall Out: Aerial Deposition On To Sea Ice Scenario And Wildlife Health Implications To Ice-Associated Seals (Dr. Doug Dasher, John Kelley, Gay Sheffield, Raphaela Stimmelmayr). We present results on gamma analysis (cesium 134 and 137) of muscle tissue from control and diseased seals, and discuss wildlife health implications from different possible routes of exposure to Fukushima fallout to ice seals. Since the Fukushima fallout period occurred during the annual sea ice cover period from Nome to Barrow, a sea ice based fallout scenario in addition to a marine food web based one is of particular relevance for the Fukushima accident. Under a proposed sea ice fallout deposition scenario, radionuclides would have been settled onto sea ice. Sea ice and snow editor’s note - index: snow would have acted as a temporary refuge for deposited radionuclides; thus radionuclides would have only become available for migration during the melting season and would not have entered the regional food web in any appreciable manner until breakup (pulsed release). The cumulative on-ice exposure for ice seals would have occurred through external, inhalation, and non-equilibrium dietary pathways during the ice-based seasonal spring haul-out period for molting/pupping/breeding activities. Additionally, ice seals would have been under dietary/metabolic constraints and experiencing hormonal changes associated with reproduction and molting.

[lxxx] 08:58 PM Feb 23, 2017 | 43

-8848- Smoke billows from Japan nuclear plant - Possible fire reported near reactors - TEPCO doesn’t identify cause

 

[lxxxi] 05:01 PM Feb 25, 2017 | 81

-8849- Officials warn mysterious radioactive cloud spreads - Authorities ‘baffled’ over release - could be leak from nuclear plant

 

[lxxxii] 03:50 PM Feb 10, 2017

-8843- Blast in nuclear plant — smoke billows from massive fire - people sick (VIDEOS)

 

[lxxxiii] 11:50 AM May 29, 2015 | 247

-8642- Japan volcano erupts without warning - Gov’t issues highest level alert for first time - smell of sulfur; smoke blacks out sky - more expected (VIDEO)

 

[lxxxiv] 02:14 PM Apr 29, 2015 | 183

-8620- Massive fire dangerously close to Chernobyl plant: Just 3 miles from nuclear waste - Official: Risks are high - Evacuations underway - Experts: Smoke is heavily contaminated… could see dispersion of very significant component of original radiation; Capable of spreading great distances (VIDEO)

 

[lxxxv] 10:40 AM Nov 17, 2014 | 75

-8499- U.S. Gov’t: Uranium plant leak warranted emergency classification of ALERT - Worker: Video shows release was out of control… Smoke billowing… They refused to warn community - TV: I’ve lived here 30 years and never seen anything like it… I was shocked - it’s ridiculous… it’s not contained, everybody watched it (VIDEOS)

 

[lxxxvi] 11:33 PM Oct 30, 2014 | 216

-8482- Video: Purple cloud seen by engineer after Fukushima explosion… I took a photo - Former Prime Minister: Smoke from reactor blast had different color than officials claim; Steel appears to have melted on top of Unit 3; Suggests possible nuclear explosion

 

[lxxxvii] 06:03 PM Sep 30, 2014 | 648

-8441- Fukushima chief pleads for help from U.S. military: Fires broken out at Reactor 4… We can’t do anything… please - Leader turned pale after seeing flames and black smoke near fuel pool - Worker tries to have last meal before dying and realizes he’s unable to taste food

 

[lxxxviii] 03:07 PM Sep 11, 2014 | 341

-8414- Secret Fukushima Testimony: Plant chief considered disemboweling himself after explosions… I should kill myself - Smoke seen at No. 3 reactor before blast, figured this was end of plant - At start of crisis I was in despair… panicking… could not afford to logically think

 

[lxxxix] 09:27 AM Feb 6, 2014 | 181

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) - NM

-7059- Imminent situation at U.S. nuclear site - Emergency operations center evacuated due to fire deep underground-[lxxxix] - One of most serious incidents on record since the plant opened in 1999 - Anonymous footage of thick black smoke coming from ground (VIDEO) These events could potentially harm people, our workers as well as it gives us a bad reputation because we appear to have made a mistake - inhalation is primary hazard with radioactive materials of this nature.

 

[xc] 11:57 AM Aug 15, 2013 | 8  

-6188- Series of chemical explosions rock hazardous waste plant by Florida border - Radioactive waste mentioned on company’s acceptance form - FBI responds to blast - Plumes of smoke and flames over 100 feet high (VIDEO)

 

[xci] 04:07 PM Aug 13, 2013 | 31  

North St. Louis County, Missouri

Bridgeton fire at West Lake nuclear landfill

-6177- CBS: Dire Warning from Fire Commander - Landfill fire near nuclear waste could threaten entire St. Louis region with radioactive smoke - Potential for tragedy

 

[xcii] 08:01 AM Jul 28, 2013 | 166  

-6077- Emergency declared at U.S. nuclear plant: Fire shuts down reactor - Reports of black smoke - Company says no release of radioactivity above normal

 

[xciii] 05:17 PM Jun 7, 2013 | 25  

-5938- France, Cattenom: Fire breaks out at nuclear reactor -plumes of black smoke seen from considerable distance (PHOTO)

 

[xciv] 11:08 AM May 3, 2013 | 12  

-5828- Photo: Smoke coming from nuclear plant - Reactor shut down - Smoldering lagging on a turbine

 

[xcv] 12:32 PM Apr 21, 2013 | 55  

-5775- Fire at nuclear power plant triggers emergency response - noise and smoke comes from site (PHOTO)

 

[xcvi] 05:03 PM Mar 22, 2013 | 10  

-5634- FOIA Expert: It’s astoundingly difficult trying to get info from NRC - Smoke and mirrors - Pump and dump (AUDIO)

 

[xcvii] 12:22 PM Mar 9, 2013 | 40  

-5520- Fukushima Workers: Smoke was pouring out of Unit 1 before tsunami hit - No doubt quake crippled reactors - Could torpedo Japan’s attempts to restart nuclear plants (VIDEO)

 

[xcviii] 03:16 PM Mar 21, 2013 | 19  

-5624- Radioactive dust in Tokyo after fog - 4,000 Bq/kg of cesium

-5624.1- also see: Tokyo indoor dust contaminated with cesium at 1,730 Bq/kg -- Scientist: dust with Fukushima fallout is source of human exposure (VIDEO)

 

[xcix] 12:56 AM Jan 7, 2014 | 430  

-6891- Nuclear Chemistry Expert: Steam at Fukushima reactor could be from corium burning through containment into groundwater

 

[c] 12:31 PM Jul 31, 2013 | 29  

-6088- Highly radioactive ‘mystery steam’ and water released in ground, sea, and air from Fukushima plant - TEPCO should prevent contamination escaping - shoddy and inept handling

 

[ci] 09:04 PM Dec 22, 2013 | 94  index: Navy index: snow

-6842- NY Post: Radioactive snow falling on Navy ship caused by Fukushima radioactive steam… Is that aluminum foil I taste? - Sailor: People were defecating on themselves in hallways from excruciating diarrhea-[ci] -[ci]- Officer: We saw radiation 300 times ‘safe’ levels (VIDEO)

 

[cii] -6948- also see: Photo captures moment containment vessel destroyed at Fukushima - Workers: White steam coming from reactor! Radiation spikes in central Tokyo! – U.S. Nuclear Official: Fukushima was nuclear power’s finest hour - everything worked as engineered (VIDEO) Oct 3, 2014

 

[ciii] -6887- Fukushima: Radioactivity release going on for almost 3 years now on massive scale; visible steam tip of iceberg - containment vessels ‘broken’ (VIDEOS)

 

[civ] 04:21 PM Jan 1, 2014 | 242  

-6875- Gundersen: Visible steam at Fukushima Unit 3 is from constant radioactive releases - from hot rubble, not from new explosion

 

[cv] Published by the New York Academy of Sciences, Chernobyl: Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment, was written by scientists who used health data from 1986 to 2004. http://www.strahlentelex.de/Yablokov_Chernobyl_book.pdf

 

 

ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Volume 1181

Chernobyl

Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment

 

CONTENTS

Foreword.

Prof. Dr. Biol. Dimitro M. Grodzinsky, vii

 

Preface.

Alexey V. Yablokov and Vassily B. Nesterenko, x

 

Acknowledgments, xiv

 

Introduction: The Difficult Truth about Chernobyl.

Alexey V. Nesterenko, Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Yablokov, 1

 

Chapter I. Chernobyl Contamination: An Overview

  1. Chernobyl Contamination through Time and Space.

Alexey V. Yablokov and Vassily B. Nesterenko, 5

 

Chapter II. Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe for Public Health

 

  1. Chernobyl’s Public Health Consequences: Some Methodological Problems.

Alexey V. Yablokov, 32

 

  1. General Morbidity, Impairment, and Disability after the Chernobyl Catastrophe.

Alexey V. Yablokov, 42

 

  1. Accelerated Aging as a Consequence of the Chernobyl Catastrophe

Alexey V. Yablokov, 55

 

  1. Nonmalignant Diseases after the Chernobyl Catastrophe

Alexey V. Yablokov, 58

 

  1. Oncological Diseases after the Chernobyl Catastrophe

Alexey V. Yablokov, 161

 

  1. Mortality after the Chernobyl Catastrophe

Alexey V. Yablokov, 192

 

Conclusion to Chapter II, 217

 

Chapter III. Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe for the Environment

 

  1. Atmospheric, Water, and Soil Contamination after Chernobyl

Alexey V. Yablokov, Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Nesterenko, 223

 

  1. Chernobyl’s Radioactive Impact on Flora

Alexey V. Yablokov, 237

 

  1. Chernobyl’s Radioactive Impact on Fauna

Alexey V. Yablokov, 255

 

  1. Chernobyl’s Radioactive Impact on Microbial Biota

Alexey V. Yablokov, 281

 

Conclusion to Chapter III, 285

 

Chapter IV. Radiation Protection after the Chernobyl Catastrophe

 

  1. Chernobyl’s Radioactive Contamination of Food and People

Alexey V. Nesterenko, Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Yablokov, 289

 

  1. De-corporation of Chernobyl Radionuclides

Vassily B. Nesterenko and Alexey V. Nesterenko, 303

 

  1. Protective Measures for Activities in Chernobyl’s Radioactively Contaminated Territories

Alexey V. Nesterenko and Vassily B. Nesterenko, 311

 

  1. Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe for Public Health and the Environment 23 Years Later.

Alexey V. Yablokov, Vassily B. Nesterenko, and Alexey V. Nesterenko, 318

 

Conclusion to Chapter IV, 327

 

[cvi] Chernobyl

Consequences of the Catastrophe for People and the Environment

 

Chapter 11.

Chernobyl’s Radioactive Impact on Microbial Biota

Alexey V. Yablokov

 

[Abstract] Of the few microorganisms that have been studied, all underwent rapid changes in the areas heavily contaminated by Chernobyl. Organisms such as tuberculosis bacilli; hepatitis, herpes, and tobacco mosaic viruses; cytomegalovirus; and soil micromycetes and bacteria were activated in various ways. The ultimate long-term consequences for the Chernobyl microbiologic biota may be worse than what we know today. Compared to humans and other mammals, the profound changes that take place among these small live organisms with rapid reproductive turnover do not bode well for the health and survival of other species.

 

[Article] One gram of soil contains some 2,500,000,000 microorganisms (bacteria, microfungi, and protozoa). Up to 3 kg of the mass of an adult human body is made up of bacteria, viruses, and microfungi. In spite of the fact that these represent such important and fundamentally live ecosystems there are only scarce data on the various microbiological consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe.

Several incidences of increased morbidity owing to certain infectious diseases may be due to increased virulence of microbial populations as a result of Chernobyl irradiation.

  1. Soon after the catastrophe studies observed activation of retroviruses (Kavsan et al., 1992).

 

  1. There is evidence of increased susceptibility to Pneumocystis carinii and cytomegalovirus in children whose immune systems were suppressed in the contaminated territories of Novozybkov District, Bryansk Province (Lysenko et al., 1996).

 

  1. Tuberculosis became more virulent in the more contaminated areas of Belarus (Chernetsky and Osynovsky, 1993; Belookaya, 1993; Borschevsky et al., 1996). Address for correspondence: (Editor’s note: omitted.)

 

  1. In some heavily contaminated areas of Belarus and Russia there was a markedly higher level of cryptosporidium infestation (Lavdovskaya et al., 1996).

 

  1. From 1993 to 1997 the hepatitis viruses B, C, D, and G became noticeably activated in the heavily contaminated areas of Belarus (Zhavoronok et al., 1998 a, b).

 

  1. Herpes viruses were activated in the heavily contaminated territories of Belarus 6 to 7 years after the catastrophe (Matveev, 1993; Matveev et al., 1995; Voropaev et al., 1996).

 

  1. Activation of cytomegalovirus was found in the heavily contaminated districts of Gomel and Mogilev provinces, Belarus (Matveev, 1993).

 

  1. Prevalence of Pneumocystis was noticeably higher in the heavily contaminated territories of Bryansk Province (Lavdovskaya et al., 1996).

 

  1. The prevalence and severity of Gruby’s disease (ringworm), caused by the fungus microsporia Microsporum sp., was significantly higher in the heavily contaminated areas of Bryansk Province (Rudnitsky et al., 2003).

 

  1. The number of saprophytic bacteria in Belarussian sod-podzolic soils is at maximum with radioactivity levels of 15 Ci/km2 or less and minimal in areas 281 282 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences with up to 40 Ci/km2 (Zymenko et al., 1995).

 

  1. There is a wide range of radionuclide bioaccumulations in soil micromycetes. The accumulation factor of Cs-137 in Stemphylium (family Dematiaceae) is 348 and in Verticillium (family Muctdinaceae) 28 (Zymenko et al., 1995).

 

  1. Since the catastrophe, the prevalence of black microfungi has dramatically increased in contaminated soil surrounding Chernobyl (Zhdanova et al., 1991, 1994).

 

  1. Among soil bacteria that most actively accumulate Cs-137 are Agrobacterium sp. (accumulation factor 587), Enterobacter sp. (60–288), and Klebsiella sp. (256; Zymenko et al., 1995).

 

  1. In all soil samples from the 10-km Chernobyl zone the abundance of soil bacteria (nitrifying, sulfate-reducing, nitrogen-fixing, and cellulose-fermenting bacteria, and heterotrophic iron-oxidizing bacteria) was reduced by up to two orders of magnitude as compared to control areas (Romanovskaya et al., 1998).

 

  1. In contaminated areas several new variants of tobacco mosaic virus appeared that affect plants other than Solanaceous species, and their virulence is most likely correlated with the level of radioactive contamination in the areas. Infection of tobacco plants with tobacco mosaic virus and oilseed rape mosaic virus was shown to induce a threefold increase in homologous DNA recombination in non-infected tissues (Boyko et al., 2007; Kovalchuk et al., 2003).

 

  1. All the strains of microfungi species that were studied (Alternaria alternata, Mucorhiemalis, and Paecilomyces lilacinus) from the heavily contaminated Chernobyl areas have aggregated growth of threadlike hyphae, whereas the same species from soil with low radionuclide contamination show normal growth. Only slowly growing Cladosporium cladosporioides has aggregated growth both in contaminated and TABLE 11.1. Characteristics of Oocysts of Coccidia (Eimeria cerna) in Voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) from Two Differently Contaminated Sites, Bryansk Province (Pel’gunov, 1996) Level of contamination 20μ R/h 180–220 ΜR/h Normal 94.5 76.6 Anomalous 06.3 Nonsporulated 5.2 12.2 lightly contaminated soils (Ivanova et al., 2006).

 

  1. Sharp reduction in the abundance of bifidus bacteria and the prevalence of microbes of the class Escherichia; in particular, a sharp increase in E. coli has been noted in the intestines of evacuee children living in Ukraine (Luk’yanova et al., 1995).

 

  1. In a long-term study (1954 to 1994—before and after the catastrophe) in Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia it was revealed that in areas with a high level of radioactive contamination (740–1,480 kBq/m2 and higher) in Bryansk, Mogilev, Gomel, Chernygov, Sumy, Kaluga, Oryol, Smolensk, and Kursk provinces, practically no cases of rabies in wild animals have been reported since the catastrophe (Adamovich, 1998). This suggests that the rabies virus has either disappeared or become inactivate.

 

  1. Rodents in the heavily contaminated territories of Belarus have been extensively invaded by coccids (obligate intracellular protozoan parasites from the phylum Apicomplexa; Sutchenya et al., 1995). 20. There are fewer than normal, more anomalous, and no sporulated oocysts of coccidian Eimeria cerna in voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) in Bryansk Province (Table 11.1). 21. Six years after the catastrophe a population of Eimeria cernae From Clethrionomys Glareolus living in heavily contaminated soil (up to 7.3 k Bq/kg of Cs-134, Cs-137, Sr-90, and Pu-106) in Kiev Province Yablokov: Radioactive Impact on Microbial Biota 283 had anomalous oocysts (Soshkin and Pel’gunov, 1994). 22. There was a significant decline in the Shannon diversity index of infusoria species and a concomitant increase in their abundance in the Pripyat River mouth from 1986 to 1988 (Nebrat, 1992).

 

All microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa) and microbiological communities as a whole undergo rapid changes after any additional irradiation. The mechanism of such changes is well known: inclusion and increase in the frequency of mutations by natural selection and preservation of beneficial novel genes that for whatever reason appear more viable under the new conditions. This micro-evolutionary mechanism has been activated in all radioactively contaminated areas and leads to activation of old and the occurrence of new forms of viruses and bacteria. All but a few microorganisms that have been studied in Chernobyl-affected territories underwent rapid changes in heavily contaminated areas.

Our contemporary knowledge is too limited to understand even the main consequences of the inevitable radioactive-induced genetic changes among the myriad of viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi that inhabit the intestines, lungs, blood, organs, and cells of human beings.

The strong association between carcinogenesis and viruses (papilloma virus, hepatitis virus, Helicobacter pylori, Epstein–Barr virus, Kaposi’s sarcoma, and herpes virus) provides another reason why the cancer rate increased in areas contaminated by Chernobyl irradiation (for a review, see Sreelekha et al., 2003).

Not only cancer, but also many other illnesses are connected with viruses and bacteria. Radiologically induced pathologic changes in the microflora in humans can increase susceptibility to infections, inflammatory diseases of bacterial and viral origin (influenza, chronic intestinal diseases, pyelonephritis, cystitis, vaginitis, endocolitis, asthma, dermatitis, and ischemia), and various pathologies of pregnancy. The long-term consequences for microbial biota may be worse than what we understand today.

 

[cvii] 04:18 PM Aug 31, 2014 | 170

-8399- Pacific Ocean: Chunks missing from bodies of salmon from Pacific - lesions in over 50% of fish being reported - followed by bacterial invasions (PHOTO -[cvii])